AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome): A collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the depletion of the immune system caused by infection with HIV.
ARV (antiretroviral): Treatment and medication for infection by retrovirusestumor-producing viruses that contain RNA and reverse transcriptaseprimarily HIV. Different antiretroviral drugs act at various stages of the HIV life cycle.
Epidemic: An outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely.
A term used to describe growing interdependence of people around
the world with regard to societal influence, economies, and cultural
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus): The virus that causes AIDS. It is transmitted through direct contact of a mucus membrane with a bodily fluid such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid or breast milk.
Latency: A latency
period of a disease is the delay between exposure to a disease-causing
agent (the HIV virus in this case) and manifestation of the disease.
organization): An organization which is independent from
the government, usually a non-profit group with social and cultural
Palliative: Treatment to alleviate symptoms without curing the disease.
Pandemic: Epidemic over a wide geographic area and affecting a large proportion of the population.
Prevalence: The total number of cases of a disease in a given population at a specific time.
UNAIDS (Joint United
Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS): The main international
advocate for coordinated global action on the HIV epidemic. Its
mission includes preventing transmission of HIV, providing care
and support for those already living with HIV, and reducing the
epidemic's impact on communities.