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Arsenic: An Abundant Natural Poison
(Released March 2009)

 
  by Andreas Saldivar & Vicki Soto  

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  1. Bangladesh. Jessore. Jhikargarchha village.

    Villagers are forced to use this red-painted pump (indicating that the water is contaminated with arsenic) for their daily needs including drinking. Many of the adult villagers show signs of arsenic poisoning.
    Ian Berry, Magnum Photos 01-01-2000
  2. Pressurized Wood Used At Kids Castle

    DOYLESTOWN, PA - JULY 18: The Kid's Castle at Central Park Playground, which is made from pressure-treated wood, is shown July 18, 2002, in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Earlier this year, the Environmental Protection Agency announced a voluntary decision by manufacturers of treated wood to discontinue consumer sales of lumber treated with chromated copper arsenate, a preservative that contains arsenic by December 31, 2003.
    William Thomas Cain Getty Images 07-18-2002


  3. RITZENTHALER/DALLAS MORNING NEWS (FORTH WORTH OUT) (March 17) Linda Smith shows a geologic map of Nepal, where she is taking water and sediment samples to test for arsenic contamination. With her, from left, are colleagues Tai-chyi Shei, Thomas Brilowski, Matthew Leybourne and Richard Mitterer, all from the University of Texas at Dallas.
    Kim Ritzenthaler KRT Photos 01-09-2003


  4. In this picture taken 16 March 2006, Bangladeshi farmer Badiuddin Ahmed (R) cultivates his employer's field with cows at Hothatpara. Water -- the lifeblood of Bangladesh's agriculture-based economy -- is everywhere in the South Asian nation.Formed from the deltaic plain at the confluence of three major rivers, the country is also criss-crossed by hundreds more.During the monsoon, anything from 20 to 65 percent of the impoverished country floods.And yet, during the dry season farmers in the northwest say severe shortages have forced them to abandon their lands. In the south, millions of villagers live with the constant threat of ill-health from arsenic-contaminated drinking water.
    Farjana K. Godhuly Agence France Presse 03-16-2006
  5. High Levels Of Arsenic Found In Lake Okeechobee Muck

    OKEECHOBEE, FL - JULY 09: A rainbow graces the sky over a pier built over what should be lake Okeechobee July 9, 2007 in Okeechobee, Florida. The lake has seen record low levels this year, with elevated levels of arsenic and other pesticides detected by scientists as they use the opportunity to scrap muck from the shoreline.
    Joe Raedle Getty Images 07-10-2007
Resources taken from Proquest's eLibrary

Charts and Tables
  1. . . . of chloride and arsenic in 25 European reference aquifers. . . .

    European case studies supporting the derivation of natural background levels and groundwater threshold values for the protection of dependent ecosystems and human health
    Hinsby, K.; Condesso de Melo, M.T.; Dahl, M. Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 401, No. 1-3, pp. 1-20. Aug 2008.
  2. Scatterplots between arsenic in breast milk (2-3 months postpartum) . . .

    Breast-feeding Protects against Arsenic Exposure in Bangladeshi Infants
    Faengstroem, B.; Moore, S.; Nermell, B.; Kuenstl, L.; Goessler, W.; Grander, M.; Kabir, I.; Palm, B.; Arifeen, S.E.; Vahter, M., Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 116, No. 7, pp. 963-969. Jul 2008.
  3. Arsenic epidemiological data of genderand cancer-speci?c . . .

    Arsenic cancer risk posed to human health from tilapia consumption in Taiwan
    Liao, C.-M.; Shen, H.-H.; Lin, T.-L.; Chen, S.-C.; Chen, C.-L.; Hsu, L.-I.; Chen, C.-J., Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Vol. 70, No. 1, pp. 27-37. May 2008.
  4. . . . expression with high arsenic exposure are shown in red; those with . . .

    Drinking-Water Arsenic Exposure Modulates Gene Expression in Human Lymphocytes from a U.S. Population
    Andrew, A.S.; Jewell, D.A.; Mason, R.A.; Whitfield, M.L.; Moore, J.H.; Karagas, M.R., Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 116, No. 4, pp. 524-531. Apr 2008.
Tables taken from ProQuest's Illustrata

Scholars
  1. Allan H. Smith
    Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley
    http://coeh.berkeley.edu/people/faculty/smithallan.htm
    Arsenic concentrations and bacterial contamination in a pilot shallow dugwell program in West Bengal, India. . . .Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency. . . Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency.

  2. Michael P. Waalkes
    Senior Investigator, Laboratory of Comparative Carcinogenesis, National Institutes of Health (NIH)
    http://ccr.cancer.gov/staff/staff.asp?profileid=5735
    Inorganic arsenic is an important human carcinogen of unknown etiology. Defining carcinogenic mechanisms is critical to assessing the human health hazard of arsenic exposure but requires appropriate model systems. It has proven difficult to induced tumors in animals with inorganic arsenic alone. . . Arsenic is an environmental hazard and the reduction of drinking water arsenic levels is under consideration. People are exposed to arsenic not only through drinking water but also through arsenic-contaminated air and food. Here we report the health effects of arsenic exposure from burning high

  3. Amal K. Mitra
    Professor, Community Health Sciences, College of Health, University of Southern Mississippi
    http://ocean.otr.usm.edu/~w301436/
    Arsenic concentrations in rice, vegetables, and fish in Bangladesh: a preliminary study. . . .Assessment of arsenic contamination of groundwater and health problems in Bangladesh. . . .Arsenic-related health problems among hospital patients in southern Bangladesh.

  4. Lena Q. Ma
    Professor, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Florida
    http://soils.ifas.ufl.edu/personnel/ma.html
    Land application of non-hazardous wastes; Phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated soil; Chemical remediation of trace metal contaminated water, soils, and wastes; Biogeochemistry and speciation of trace metals in water-soil-waste systems; Chemical equilibria of trace metals and mechanisms

Scholars taken from ProQuest's Community of Scholars