Resources taken from Proquest's eLibrary Science
- Gemstones in the Southern Sky
The Hubble Space Telescope has captured the most detailed images
to date of the open star clusters NGC 265 (top) and NGC 290
(bottom) in the Small Magellanic Cloud -- two sparkling sets
of gemstones in the southern sky. These brilliant open star
clusters are located about 200,000 light-years away and are
roughly 65 light-years across.
Star clusters can be held together tightly by gravity, as
is the case with densely packed crowds of hundreds of thousands
of stars, called globular clusters. Or, they can be more loosely
bound, irregularly shaped groupings of up to several thousands
of stars, like the open clusters shown in this image.
The stars in these open clusters are all relatively young
and were born from the same cloud of interstellar gas.
Copyright 2008 NASA
- Interstellar EGGs
Eerie, dramatic pictures from the Hubble telescope show newborn
stars emerging from "eggs" -- not the barnyard variety -- but
rather, dense, compact pockets of interstellar gas called evaporating
gaseous globules (EGGs). Hubble found the "EGGs," appropriately
enough, in the Eagle Nebula, a nearby star-forming region 7,000
light-years from Earth in the constellation Serpens. These striking
pictures resolve the EGGs at the tip of finger-like features
protruding from monstrous columns of cold gas and dust. The
columns -- dubbed "elephant trunks" -- protrude from the wall
of a vast cloud of molecular hydrogen, like stalagmites rising
above the floor of a cavern. Inside the gaseous towers, which
are light-years long, the interstellar gas is dense enough to
collapse under its own weight, forming young stars that continue
to grow as they accumulate more and more mass from their surroundings.
Copyright 2008 NASA
- Supernovae Remnant
In the nearby galaxy known as the Small Magellanic Cloud, a
massive star has exploded as a supernova and begun to dissipate
its interior into a spectacular display of colorful filaments,
reminiscent of fireworks display.
The supernova remnant (SNR), known as "E0102" for short,
is the greenish-blue shell of debris just below the center
of this image from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. This delicate
structure, glowing a multitude of lavenders and peach hues,
resides in the upper right of the image.
Determined to be only about 2,000 years old, E0102 is relatively
young on astronomical scales and is just beginning its interactions
with the nearby interstellar medium. . . .
NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) and J.
Green (University of Colorado, Boulder)
Copyright 2009 NASA
Charts and Tables
Tables taken from ProQuest's Illustrata
The upper panel shows the location of the targets on an optical red image of the LMC. The targets observed in and near the 30 Dor star-forming region are shown in the lower panel, which is an enlargement of the rectangle shown in the upper panel. Target details are listed in Table 1. SN 1987A was extensively observed by Vladilo et al. (1987), Vidal-Madjar et al. (1987) and Welty et al. (1999). Image courtesy of Karl Gordon, based on Bothun & Thompson (1988), Kennicutt et al. (1995) and Parker et al. (1998).
The Large Magellanic Cloud: diffuse interstellar bands, atomic lines and the local environmental conditions
Cox, NLJ; Cordiner, MA; Cami, J; Foing, BH; Sarre, PJ; Kaper, L; Ehrenfreund, P, Astronomy & Astrophysics [Astron. Astrophys.]. Vol. 447, no. 3, pp. 991-1009. 1 Mar 2006.
Profiles of the interstellar KI lines in the R - 120 000 spectra of all target objects.
A search for fine structure inside high resolution profiles of weak diffuse interstellar bands
Slyk, K; Galazutdinov, GA; Musaev, FA; Bondar, AV; Schmidt, MR; Krelowski, J, Astronomy & Astrophysics [Astron. Astrophys.]. Vol. 448, no. 1, pp. 221-229. 2 Mar 2006.
- Observations of the î"5797 diffuse band obtained with
the Ultra-high Resolution Facil- ity on the Anglo-Australian
Telescope (AAT) and at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO).
Data recorded towards three stars are shown and illustrate the
consistency of the ïne structure of the features (Kerr et al.
Organic compounds as carriers of the diffuse interstellar bands
Sarre, Peter J, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Society. Vol. 4, no. S251, pp. 49-56. Feb 2008.
Scholars taken from ProQuest's Community
- Ted P. Snow
Astrobiology Program, University of Colorado at Boulder
From Publication Titles: A New FUSE Survey of Interstellar HD. . .The Abundance of Interstellar Fluorine and Its Implications. . .A Catalog of Diffuse Interstellar Bands in the Spectrum of HD 204827
- John Paul Maier
Professor, Department of Chemistry, Universität Basel
From Publication Abstracts: Four-wave mixing techniques have been used for the measurement of electronic transitions of cold transient species generated in a supersonic slit-jet discharge expansion. The origin band of the d(3)Pi(g)-a(3)Pi(u) system of C(2) and A(2)Pi(3/2)-X[combining tilde](2)Pi(3/2) electronic transition. . .-nm DIB range. The origin bands of larger bare carbon rings, such as C. . ., have also been observed. . .the results from these studies and compare them with astronomical measurements of the diffuseinterstellarband (DIB) absorptions. Although carbon chains comprising up to a handful of carbon atoms cannot
- Ben McCall
Assistant Professor, Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
From Publication Abstracts: The stars show [image] and spectral types near O9.5 V and B0.5 III. A catalog is presented of 380 diffuseinterstellarbands (DIBs) measured between 3900 and 8100 Aa in the stars' spectrum. The central wavelengths, the widths (FWHM), and the equivalent widths of nearly all of the bands are tabulated, along. . .Diffuseinterstellar clouds have long been thought to be relatively devoid of molecules, because. . .for the different types of interstellar clouds: diffuse atomic, diffuse molecular, translucent, and dense.
- W. W. Duley
Professor, Department of Physics, University of Waterloo
From Publication Abstracts: Diamond-like carbon films
have been fabricated using 308nm excimer laser ablation in vacuum
followed by deposition at temperatures between 77K and 573K.
Optical band gap energies are obtained from UV/optical spectroscopy.
Raman spectra and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) show that
the sp3/(sp2. . .wavelength range that replicate those found
in the infrared emission spectrum of interstellar. . .Observational
data on the appearance and properties of the diffuse interstellar
bands (DIBs) are reviewed in the context of a model in which
the proposed carriers of these bands are large carbon