Caucasian: of or relating to the region of the Caucasus in South East Europe. Its regions include Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan and it is located between Europe, Asia and the Middle East.

Cyrillic/Cyrillicized: the Alphabet used in Russian and Bulgarian as opposed the Latin alphabet. To Cyrillicize means to change from Latin letters to Russian ones.

Ethnic Cleansing: the mass expulsion or killing of members of a particular racial, ethnic or religious group.

Iranic: of or relating to descendents of Iranian people who have settled in various parts of South and Eastern Europe, who maintain a language with Iranian words and phrases.

Menshevik: a member of the non-Leninist wing of the Russian Social Democratic Worker's Party, which was defeated by the Bolsheviks in 1917.

OSCE: The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. The largest regional security organisation in the world, with 56 participating states worldwide, it deals with three main areas of security: politico-military, the economy and the environment.

SSR: Soviet Socialist Republic, a country incorporated into the Soviet Union such as Ukraine, which would have its own leader and one-party system, although most decisions and policies came directly from Moscow.