Discovery Guides Areas


China and the Path to Environmental Sustainability
(Released August 2007)

  by Ethan Goffman  


Key Citations



Resources Websites


  1. Urban Environmental Management in China (PDF)
    (United Nations Environment Programme Division of Technology, Industry and Economics, Osaka Office, 2-110 Ryokuchi Koen, Tsurumi-ku, Osaka 538-0036, Japan)

  2. Conservation in China - Min Shan landscape (PDF)
    (World Wide Fund International, Gland (CH), Avenue du Mont-Blanc, 1196 Gland, Switzerland)

  3. Convention to Combat Desertification National Reports, China 2000 (PDF)
    (Secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, P.O. Box 260129, Haus Carstanjen, D-53153 Bonn, Germany)

  4. Ecological Restoration of Degraded Watershed on the Upper Reaches of the Minjiang River; Integration of Qiang Ethno-Botanical Knowledge and Practices into a Reforestation Project
    (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 7, place de Fontenoy, F- 75352 Paris 07 SP, France)

  5. Giant Panda
    (Animal Information, P.O. Box 1461, Severna Park, MD 21146, USA)

Websites taken from Proquest CSA's Web Resources Database.

Illustrations, Figures & Tables
  1. COD emission loads in 2003

    An inventory analysis of rural pollution loads in China
    Chen, M.; Chen, J.; Du, P., Water Science & Technology, Vol. 54, No. 1-12, pp. 65-74. 2006
  2. Percentages of imperiled vertebrate species threatened by various causes in China (dark bars) versus the United States (light bars). China data are from this study; US data are from Wilcove and colleagues (1998)

    Threats to Vertebrate Species in China and the United States
    Yiming, L.; Wilcove, D.S., Bioscience, Vol. 55, No. 2, pp. 147-153. Jan Feb 2005.
  3. The average of refractive index and single-scattering albedo under three conditions: dust, mixed and pollution in BJ.

    Aerosol properties and their spatial and temporal variations over North China in spring 2001
    Xiang-Ao, Xia; Hong-Bin, Chen; Pu-Cai, Wang; Xue-Mei, Zong; Jin-Huan, Qiu; Gouloub, Philippe, Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 28-39. Jan Feb 2005.
  4. Total sewage discharge variations in China from 1990 to 2001 (Township enterprise discharge were not included in the data from 1990 to 1995, because they were not surveyed before 1996) (5-16).

    Ocean Pollution from Land-based Sources: East China Sea, China
    Daoji, L.; Daler, D., Ambio, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 107-113. Jan Feb 2004.
  5. The Yangtze River drainage basin and the estimated hypoxy areas in the ECS (35)

    Ocean Pollution from Land-based Sources: East China Sea, China
    Daoji, L.; Daler, D., Ambio, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 107-113. Jan Feb 2004.
Illustrations, figures & tables taken from Proquest CSA's Illustrata



  1. Liu, Jianguo Jack
    University Distinguished Professor, Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University
    My research interests include conservation ecology, landscape ecology, human-environment interactions, systems modeling and simulation, and impacts of human population and activity on spatio-temporal dynamics of endangered species such as the giant panda in China. I am keenly interested in integrating ecology with socioeconomics as well as human demography and behavior for understanding and managing patterns, processes and sustainability of biodiversity and natural resources/ecosystem services across multiple temporal and spatial scales.

  2. Popkin, Barry M.
    Professor, Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Large-scaled populations in the US, China, Russia, the Philippines, Norway, Brazil and a number of other developing countries.

  3. Poston, Dudley L. Jr
    Professor/George T. and Gladys H. Abell Professor, Department of Sociology, Texas A&M University, College Station
    • Demography
    • Human Ecology
    • Quantitative Methods
    • China & Korea
    • Sex & Gender


  1. Smith, Kirk R.
    Brian and Jennifer Maxwell Endowed Chair in Public Health, Environmental Health Sciences, University of California, Berkeley
    n developing countries, high levels of particle pollution from the use of coal and biomass fuels for household cooking and heating are a major cause of ill health and premature mortality. The cost and complexity of existing monitoring equipment, combined with the need to sample many locations . . . China has pursued a number of national energy policies as integral components of its 5-year development plans including the unprecedented dissemination of several generations of fuel saving stoves in the majority of its rural populations.

  2. Bahgat, Gawdat
    Professor/Graduate Director, Political Science Department, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
    examines China's attempts to satisfy its growing needs for oil and natural gas . . . 's hydrocarbons needs. Energy partnership between China and the Gulf has already started and is likely . . . been China's skyrocketing demand for energy. In 1993, China became a net oil importer for the first. . . .

  3. Jefferson, Gary H.
    Carl Marks Professor/Department Chair, Department of Economics, Brandeis University International Business School, Brandeis University
    While energy intensity in China has fallen almost continuously since the onset of economic reform . . . of energy use. Most of this decline can be accounted for by falling coal consumption in the industrial . . . for approximately 2500 of China's most energy intensive large and medium-sized industrial enterprises


  1. Blake, Donald Ray
    Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of California Irvine
    Whole air samples were collected in 43 Chinese cities in January and February 2001, and methane and nonmethane hydrocarbon (NMHC) concentrations for those samples are here discussed. In order . . . will be necessary to further characterize VOC sources in China.... ISCAT-2000. During the summer, the SP periodically receives relatively fresh marine air containing

  2. Zhou, John
    Senior Lecturer, Department of Biology and Environmental Science, University of Sussex
    concentrations of Irgarol 1051 were 136 and 102 ng L super(- 1) in water and 40 and 49 ng g super(- 1) dry... PAHs were determined in water, pore water, sediment, soil and vegetable samples from Minjiang River Estuary, China. Total PAH concentrations varied from 9.9 to 474 mu g/l in water, 82.1 to 239 mu g/l in pore water, 112 to 877 ng/g dry wt. in surficial sediments, 128 to 465 ng/g dry wt. in soil . . . Marine culture is thriving in China and represents a major component of the regional economy in coastal zones, yet the environmental quality of many of those areas has never been studied. This paper attempts to investigate the quality status of Daya Bay, a key aquaculture area in China.

  3. Fisher-Vanden, Karen
    Assistant Professor, Environmental Studies Program, Dartmouth College
    How do market reforms affect China's responsiveness to environmental policy?* . . . Trust and Communication: Mechanisms for Increasing Farmers' Participation in Water Quality Trading


  1. Chan, Hon S.
    Associate Professor/Head, Department of Public and Social Adminstration, City University of Hong Kong
    On the basis of organizational culture theory, how 3 local governments in China deal with environmental degradation is considered. Using China as a case study, the difficulties facing modern . . .are unfavorably disposed in China's environmental management . . . Asks how local governments in China deal with environmental degradation. On the basis of organizational culture theory, considers how 3 local governments deal with environmental degradation.

  2. Nakamura, Masao
    Professor, Strategy and Business Economics Division, University of British Columbia
    ureaucratization of environmental management and corporate greening: an empirical analysis of large manufacturing firms in Japan . . . A joint Japan-China research project for reducing pollution in China in the context of the Kyoto Protocol Clean Development Mechanism (CDM): Case study of the desulfurdized bio-coal...A Joint Japan-China Research Project for Reducing Pollution in China in the Context of the Kyoto Protocol Clean Development Mechanism (CDM): Case Study of the Desulfurdized Bio-Coal Briquette Experiments in Shenyang and Chengdu

  3. Vertinsky, Ilan B.
    Distinguished visiting Professor, Atkinson Graduate School of Management, Willamette University
    The formation of green strategies in Chinese firms: matching corporate environmental responses and individual principles . . . The emergence of private ownership in China . . . Advertising trends in urban China

List of scholars taken from Proquest CSA's Community of Scholars