Discovery Guides Areas


An Overview and Brief History of Southern Hemisphere Tropical Cyclones

(Released June 2012)

podcast link 
  by Adam Arnold  


Key Citations







Although the southern hemisphere contains roughly a third of the global tropical cyclone amount annually, there have certainly been some historical and devastating storms that the people of these areas will always remember.  Sometimes we may forget about other areas of the globe that are affected by tropical cyclones, and sometimes we may take for granted the satellites, radars, and warning systems that we have in advance of tropical cyclones.  Our ability to be able to know when a storm is coming, calculate its approximate future track, and warn our citizens is something that people in poorer places like Madagascar and Mozambique do not have.  They must rely on countries such as the United States, France, and Australia to provide this information, which then must be relayed through dated communication means to citizens in the affected areas.  These people must then either ride out the storm in poorly constructed buildings, or they must brave treacherous road conditions in poor weather to evacuate to somewhat safer areas. It is therefore important that we monitor the situation and contribute to disaster relief efforts when possible.

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List of Visuals

  1. Agius, Kym. “Tully Resident Begin Recovery From Cyclone.”  The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media, 3 Feb. 2011. Web. 18 May 2012.

  2. Australia. Bureau of Meteorology. “Cyclone Tracy, Christmas 1974.”, n.d. Web. 17 May 2012.

  3. Chapman, Paul. “How Zoe Laid Waste The Island Garden of Eden.” The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 Jan. 2003. Web.18 May 2012.

  4. “First South Atlantic Hurricane Hits Brazil.” USA Today. Gannett Co. Inc., 30 Mar. 2004. Web. 19 May 2012.

  5. “Frequently Asked Questions.” Hurricane Research Division, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1 Jun. 2011. Web. 15 May 2012.

  6. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Madagascar: Cyclone Gafilo, Final Report, Appeal 08/04. ReliefWeb, 25 Feb. 2005. Web. 07 May 2012.

  7. Marcelino, Emerson Vieira, Isabela Pena Viana de Oliveira Marcelino, and Frederico de Moraes Rudorff. “Cyclone Catarina: Damage and Vulnerability Assessment.” Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais: Divisão de Sensoriamento Remoto. Ministéro da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação; Governo do Brasil, n.d. Web. 19 May 2012.

  8. United States. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Annual Tropical Cyclone Report-2000. Pearl Harbor, HI: US Navy 2004. Web. 03 May 2012.

  9. United States. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Annual Tropical Cyclone Report-2004. Pearl Harbor, HI: US Navy 2004. Web. 03 May 2012.

  10. “Yasi Wreaks Havoc But No Fatalities.” TVNZ . Television New Zealand Limited, 3 Feb. 2011. Web. 18 May 2012.