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e-Journal

 

Hidden Histories:
the Story of Sustainable Design

(Released June 2009)

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  by Alison Knight  

Review

Key Citations

Visuals

News

Glossary

Editor
 
Conclusion

Contents

Environmentalists in the 1970s were critical of what humans were doing to the planet, and today there are some who think it is too late to save our host. James Lovelock now says that we have done so much harm to the planet that it can no longer correct itself, and that global warming is irreversible.49 But others take the opposite view. Michael Braungart goes as far as saying: "Cradle-to-Cradle design means that, instead of minimizing damage, we create positively. Instead of waking up in the morning and apologizing for being human, we ask how we can be beneficial for other species."50 He believes that by using the processes of biomimicry we can reduce environmental harm. John Thackara states, "If we can design our way into difficulty, we can design our way out."51 This is a statement he has used to motivate designers, businesses and organizations in such collaborative projects as Dott 07. Neither he nor Michael Braungart are humble about their claims. We humans have taken our planet for granted and it will take a huge amount of action to halt climate change, if it is possible at all. What is required is a vision of a sustainable future to inspire us into action and that is exactly what the designers are doing by using an industrial ecology perspective. But it is not just the designers who should be held to account. We as consumers are not impotent; we can play a part in this. Every time we buy something we can stop and think about whether we will harm the environment by doing so, as Pietra Rivoli did at the beginning of this Guide.

landfill
Most waste ends up in a landfill

travels of a t-shirt
Travels of a T-Shirt
© 2009, ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved.

List of Visuals

References

  1. Hawken, Paul; Lovins, Amory B. and Lovins, L. Hunter, 1999, Natural capitalism: the next Industrial Revolution. London: Earthscan, p. 81. In: Thackara, John. 2006, pbk ed. In the bubble: designing in a complex world. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press p.12.

  2. Steffen, Alex, ed. 2006 Worldchanging: a user's guide for the 21st century. New York: Abrams, p.46.

  3. Datschefski, Edwin. 2001. The total beauty of sustainable products. Crans-Pres-Celigny, Switzerland: RotoVision, p. 17.

  4. Steffen, Alex, ed. 2006 Worldchanging: a user's guide for the 21st century. New York: Abrams, p.86.(With a quote from John Thackara)

  5. Datschefski, Edwin. 2001. The total beauty of sustainable products. Crans-Pres-Celigny, Switzerland: RotoVision, p. 73.

  6. Bhamra, Tracy and Lofthouse, Vicky. 2007. Design for sustainability: a practical approach. Aldershot: Gower.

  7. Papanek, Victor. 1971. Design for the real world: human ecology and social change. London: Thames and Hudson, p.164-165.

  8. Gerber, Anna. 2008. Design & sustainability: pt2. Creative Review, Dec., pp.30-33.

  9. Madge, Pauline. 1997. Ecological design: a new critique. Design Issues, Vol. 13 (2), p.52.

  10. Margolin, Victor. 1998. Design for a sustainable world. Design Issues, vol.14 (2) p.90.

  11. Ibid. p.91.

  12. Papanek, Victor. 1985. 2nd ed. Design for the real world: human ecology and social change. Chicago, Ill.: Academy Chicago, p.4.

  13. Thackara, John. 2006. pbk ed. In the bubble: designing in a complex world. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, p.23.

  14. Brass, Clare. 2008. Introduction by Clare Brass. Design Week, Sustainable design supplement. June, p. 3.

  15. Fry, Tony. 2003. The voice of sustainment: the gap. Design Philosophy Papers, Vol. 1., n.p., http://www.desphilosophy.com/dpp/dpp_journal/feature/body.html Accessed April 6th, 2009

  16. Simns, Andrew and Smith, Joe, eds. 2008. Do good lives have to cost the earth? London: Constable, p.179.

  17. Ehrenfeld, John, R. 2008. Sustainable design: A subversive strategy for transforming our consumer culture. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, p.6.

  18. Ehrenfeld, John, R. 2004. Searching for sustainability: no quick fix. Reflections. Vol. 5. No. 8, p.7

  19. Ibid. p.8.

  20. Fuad-Luke, Alastair. 2002. Eco design: the sourcebook. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books. Fletcher, Kate T. and Goggin, Phillip A. 2001. The dominant stances on ecodesign: a criticism. Design Issues, Vol. 17 (3)

    Fletcher, Kate T. and Goggin, Phillip A. 2001. The dominant stances on ecodesign: a criticism. Design Issues, Vol. 17 (3)

  21. Papanek, Victor. 1971. Design for the real world: human ecology and social change. London: Thames and Hudson, p.188.

  22. Ibid. pp.185-186.

  23. Ibid. p.188.

  24. Berger, Melvin. 1978. Bionics. New York: F. Watts, pp. 47-49.

  25. Sarikaya, Mehmet and Aksay, Ilhan A. (eds.) 1995. Biomimetics: design and processing of materials. Woodbury, N.Y.: AIP Press. p.2.

  26. Benyus, Janine M. 2002. Biomimicry: innovation inspired by nature. 2nd ed. New York: Harper Perennial, p.2.

  27. Cooper, Melanie. 2008. Closing the loop. Prodesign. Oct., Issue 97, p. 33.

  28. Pulfer, Rachel. 2008. Form follows nature. Azure, May, pp. 108.

  29. Benyus, Janine M. 2002. Biomimicry: innovation inspired by nature. 2nd ed. New York: Harper Collins, Perennial, pp.129-139.

  30. Allen, Timothy. 2008. Life cycle tools for sustainable change. Prodesign, Issue 96. p.52-54.

  31. Steffen, Alex, ed. 2006 Worldchanging: a user's guide for the 21st century. New York: Abrams, p.46.

  32. Environmental Justice Foundation http://www.ejfoundation.org/page327.html Accessed May 12th, 2009

  33. Sustainability-ed. http://www.sustainability-ed.org/pages/example4-3.htm Accessed May 12th, 2009

  34. Continental Clothing Co. Ltd. http://www.continentalclothing.com/?module=cms&P=382 Accessed May 12th, 2009

  35. McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry. http://www.mbdc.com/c2c_home.htm Accessed April 6th, 2009

  36. Shaw Floors. http://www.shawfloors.com/Shaw-Environmental/Sustainability Accessed April 6th, 2009

  37. McLaren, Jake and Allen, Timothy. 2008. Life cycle management: from product to business. Prodesign, Issue 95. p.82, 84.

  38. McDonough, William and Braungart, Michael. 2009. Pbk ed. Cradle to Cradle: remaking the way we make things. London: Vintage Books, p.75.

  39. Boehnert, Jody. 2008. Design and transition: what designers can learn from the Transition Movement. EcoLabs (UK) p.9. http://eprints.brighton.ac.uk/5343/

  40. Leitch, Luke. 2008. Transition: gearing up for the great power-down. TimesOnline, Nov. 17th, http://women.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/
    women/the_way_we_live/article5158241.ece
    Accessed April 6th, 2009.

    Hammer, Ed. 2007. Local hero Rob Hopkins: transition town Totnes. Ecologist. Nov. 27th, http://www.theecologist.org/pages/archive_detail.asp?content_id=1139 Accessed April 6th, 2009.

  41. Boehnert, Jody. 2008. Design and transition: what designers can learn from the Transition Movement. EcoLabs (UK) p.2. http://eprints.brighton.ac.uk/5343/

  42. Weaver, Tanya. 2007. On the dot. Newdesign, no. 55. pp. 72-73.

  43. Thackara, John. 2006. pbk ed. In the bubble: designing in a complex world. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, p.18-19.

  44. Bhamra, Tracy and Lofthouse, Vicky. 2007. Design for sustainability: a practical approach. Aldershot: Gower, p. 159.

  45. Ibid. p. 127-130

  46. Velib. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velib. Accessed April 6th, 2009.

  47. Bhamra, Tracy and Lofthouse, Vicky. 2007. Design for sustainability: a practical approach. Aldershot: Gower, pp. 128.

  48. Ibid. pp. 28-29, 160.

  49. Lovelock, James, 2006. The revenge of Gaia: why the Earth is fighting back - and how we can still save humanity. London: Allen Lane.

    Aitkenhead, Decca. 2008. Enjoy life while you can. The Guardian. Saturday, 1st March. http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2008/mar/
    01/scienceofclimatechange.climatechange
    Accessed April 6th, 2009.

  50. Michael Braungart: designing "eco-effective" solutions. 2007. Earth Action Network, Inc. Gale Group. The Free Library by Farlex. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Michael+Braungart:+designing+%22eco-effective%22+solutions-a0159390918 Accessed April 6th, 2009.

  51. Thackara, John. 2006. pbk ed. In the bubble: designing in a complex world. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, p.1.