Discovery Guides Areas


Continental Drift
(Released May 2010)

  by Adam T. Mansur  


Key Citations




Resources eLibrary Resources
eLibrary Resources
  1. Station NIU, Oahu, Hawaii

    Station NIU during reobservation of World Longitude stations Looking for evidence of continental drift Instruments too crude to measure small earth movements Astro party of Joseph Lushene

    Photo Date: 1934
    Credit: C&GS Season's Report Lushene 1934; 2001 National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  2. Coast and Geodetic Survey Ship PIONEER
    In service 1946 - 1966. Pacific service. This ship towed the first marine magnetometer It discovered magnetic striping, the key to plate tectonics

    Location: Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco
    Photo Date: 1952?
    Credit: NOAA Photo Library, NOAA Central Library; NOAA Office of NOAA Corps Operations

  3. Original form of Mendenhall half-second pendulum gravity measuring apparatus
    Figure 3 of William Bowie's "Investigations of Gravity and Isostasy"

    Historic C&GS Collection
    Photo Date: Ca. 1895
    2001 National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Resources taken from Proquest's eLibrary

Charts and Tables
  1. Global paleogeography during the Permian-Triassic boundary interval (based from data in Stampfli et al., 1991 , Scotese and Longford, 1995 , and Kobayashi, 1999)

    Contrasting Deep-water Records from the Upper Permian and Lower Triassic of South Tibet and British Columbia: Evidence for a Diachronous Mass Extinction
    Wignall, PB; Newton, R, Palaios [Palaios]. Vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 153-167. Apr 2003.
  2. Distribution of bioprovinces and oceanic circulation pattern plotted on a Pangea B configuration of 300 m.y. ago. Bio-provinces distribution modified from Shi (1998). Cool to warm Verkolyma, Alaska-Yukon, and Uralian Provinces are part of Boreal Realm; warm Texas, West Tethys, and Cathaysian Provinces are part of Tethyan Realm; cold Indoralian and Paratinan Provinces are part of Gondwanan Realm. Extension of glaciers and distributions of cold marine faunas are modified from Angiolini et al. (2005). Distribution of Appalachian, Variscan, and Uralian thrust belts is from Matte (2001) (modified). KZ-Kazhakstan, TA-Tarim, NC-north China, MON-Mongolia, SC-south China, IC-Indochina, WB-west Burma, KK-Karakoram, A-central Afghanistan, AD-Adria.

    Tethyan oceanic currents and climate gradients 300 m.y. ago
    Angiolini, Lucia; Gaetani, Maurizio; Muttoni, Giovanni; Stephenson, Michael H; Zanchi, Andrea, Geology [Geology]. Vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 1071-1074. Dec 2007.
  3. Tomographic images of the subducted Australian plate beneath Java (profile A1 - A2) and the Cocos plate beneath Central America (profile B1 - B2). Images are derived from a global P-wave velocity model ' KH ' [16] for both cross-sections, and from a regional Pand Swave velocity model ' RHSB ' beneath the Americas [18]. Colors show the deviations of the Por S-wave speed relative to the laterally averaged reference model ak135 [19]. Because the amplitude of the P-wave velocity model issmaller than that of the S-wave model, the boundaries of the fast anomaly are indicated by contours of 0.2% and 0.3% (for P) and 0.4% and 0.5% (for S). The heavy black bars indicate the buckling amplitudes predicted using the scaling laws of Fig. 2. Panels d) and e) show a synthetic resolution test of the RSHB model. The input P-wave velocity model represents a slab 200 km wide and 1000 km long in the direction perpendicular to the image, and inversion isperformed using the same path coverage as for the model RSHB. An analogous test using the S-wave data gives similar results (not shown).

    Buckling instabilities of subducted lithosphere beneath the transition zone
    Ribe, NM; Stutzmann, E; Ren, Y; van der Hilst, R, Earth and Planetary Science Letters [Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.]. Vol. 254, no. 1-2, pp. 173-179. 15 Feb 2007.
  4. A schematic figure of density structures for continents and oceans. . . .

    True polar wander associated with continental drift on a hypothetical Earth
    Nakada, Masao, Earth, Planets, and Space. Vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 513-522. 2007
Tables taken from ProQuest's Illustrata

  1. Hugh C. Jenkyns
    Lecturer, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford
    From Publication Abstracts: transitions that included both extant continental margins and fragmentary ancient examples preserved . . . community and one following mobilist concepts derived from Wegener's hypothesis (1915) of continental . . . of the continentaldrift hypothesis of Alfred Wegener. Implicit in the views of Wegener and Argand

  2. Clint Conrad
    Assistant Professor, Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawaii at Manoa
    From Publication Abstracts: offers an improved understanding of the non-uniformitarian evolution of platetectonics and the interplay between continental cycles and the self-organization of the oceanic plates . . ..Although subducting slabs undergo a bending deformation that resists tectonicplate motions . . . platetectonics on Earth.

  3. Michael C. Gurnis
    California Institute of Technology
    John E. and Hazel S. Smits Professor, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology
    From Publication Abstracts: no equivalent depth anomaly, but tectonic subsidence histories from Campbell Plateau petroleum wells show . . . a period of . . .30 m.y. as plate motions moved New Zealand from Antarctica. We construct models of Late . . . for their drowned reefs, underwent a period of accelerated tectonic subsidence during the late Miocene

  4. Alan R. Levander
    Professor, Computer and Information Technology Institute, Rice University
    From Publication Abstracts: American plate offshore of northeastern Venezuela. The continental lithosphere south of the slab . . . underplated oceanic layers interpreted as remnants of the extinct Kula (or Resurrection) plate. Continental . . . (or Resurrection) plate fragments overlapped in time with duplexing in the Brooks Range. Possible tectonic

Scholars taken from ProQuest's Community of Scholars