|Congressional Research Service Reports
Redistributed as a Service of the NLE*
Report RS20298 - Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards (pdf)
17-Apr-2002; Brent D. Yacobucci; 6 p.
Most sport utility vehicles,
mini-vans, and pickups are classified as light trucks and thus
are regulated less stringently than passenger cars under two major
lawsthe Energy Policy and Conservation Act for fuel economy standards,
and the Clean Air Act for emissions standards. These differences
came about because at the time the laws were passed, light trucks
were used differently, and because they represented a much smaller
share of the automobile market. Over the past decade, however,
these vehicles have dramatically increased their share of the
new automobile market. Therefore, the share of total fuel consumption
and emissions attributable to these vehicles has steadily increased.
In response to this trend, the Environmental Protection Agency
has ruled that by model year 2009, emissions from all light trucks
and passenger cars will be regulated equally. Also, in April 2003,
the Department of Transportation finalized more stringent fuel
economy standards for light trucks starting in MY2005. This report
discusses the discrepancy between emissions and fuel economy standards
for passenger cars and light trucks, how that discrepancy is changing,
and legislative activity related to these issues. [read
These CRS reports were produced by the Congressional Research Service, a branch of the Library of Congress providing nonpartisan research reports to members of the House and Senate. The National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE) has made these reports available to the public at large, but the Congressional Research Service is not affiliated with the NCSE or the National Library for the Environment (NLE). This web site is not endorsed by or associated with the Congressional Research Service. The material contained in the CRS reports does not necessarily express the views of NCSE, its supporters, or sponsors. The information is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. NCSE disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall NCSE be liable for any damages.