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European Fisheries History:
Pre-industrial Origins of Overfishing

(Released August 2009)

  by Carolyn Scearce  


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Anadromous: Species of organisms such as fish that migrate from sea to fresh water to spawn.

Benthic: (In oceanography) Benthic refers to the bottom (or sea floor) environment and the organisms associated with it.

Halieathika: A Greek poem written in the 2nd century by Xenophon that talks about fishing.

Seining: A fishing net hanging vertically in the water that has floats on the top and weights on the bottom edge.

Snood: A short line used for fishing.

The Wealth of Nations: An 18th century book advocating a free market economy written by the Scottish economist Adam Smith.

Weirs: A structure placed in a river or coastal environment that is designed to catch fish.