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Geothermal Energy: Drilling Beneath the Surface of Our Energy Dilemma
(Released September 2009)

  by Ethan Goffman  


Key Citations




Resources eLibrary Resources
eLibrary Resources
  1. Tapping the Earth's Natural Energy

    Geothermal power plants take advantage of the earth's hot spots. In and below the earth's crust, radioactive material decays, heating up everything around it. Temperatures can reach 1,200 degrees C producing steam. The steam spins a turbine, which turns the shaft of an electric generator. For hot spots that do not have underground water nearby, engineers can send water through pipes to the hot spot and convert the water to steam. Geothermal energy is most likely to be harnessed in an area close to volcanic activity.
    Copyright 1995, Enteractive, Inc.

  2. Graphic explains how geothermal energy can be tapped through a series of below-ground pipes.
    Copyright 2008 Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service
  3. Study Finds Conditions Ripe For Major Quake Along San Andreas Fault

    CALIPATRIA, CA - JULY 03: Steam rises as a geothermal power plant taps into energy produced by underground pressures near the southern end of the San Andreas Fault at the Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge on July 3, 2006 near Calipatria, California. The plant is located over the Salton Sea Geothermal Field where temperatures measured in wells drilled for geothermal brines reach 360 degrees Celsius at depths of 1,500 to 2,500 meters. Scientists have warned that the southern end of the 800-mile-long San Andreas fault north and east of Los Angeles has built up immense pressure and could produce a massive earthquake at any time. Such a quake could produce a sudden lateral movement of 23 to 32 feet which would be would be among the largest ever recorded.
    Photo by David McNew, Copyright 2006 Getty Images, Inc.
  4. Map of major geothermal features and sampling localities of study sites

    Fig. 1. Map of major geothermal features and sampling localities of the study sites. (A, B) Taupo Volcanic Zone (TVZ), central North Island, New Zealand. (C) Northern Waiotapu. (D) Te Kopia. (E) Orakei Korako and Umukuri. D, downthrown side; U, upthrown side.
    Lynne, Bridget Y; Campbell, Kathleen A. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. Copyright National Research Council of Canada Nov 2003
Resources taken from Proquest's eLibrary

Charts and Tables
  1. Thermal springs of Tapoban geothermal area

    Geothermal energy resource utilization: Perspectives of the Uttarakhand Himalaya
    Bhardwaj, K.N.; Tiwari, S.C., Current Science, Vol. 95, No. 7, pp. 846-850. Oct 2008.
  2. Characteristics of geothermal provinces of India

    Geothermal energy resource utilization: Perspectives of the Uttarakhand Himalaya
    Bhardwaj, K.N.; Tiwari, S.C., Current Science, Vol. 95, No. 7, pp. 846-850. Oct 2008.
  3. Conventional Drilling Rig Used for the Deep Mining Project in Basel, Switzerland

    Increasing Geothermal Energy Demand: The Need for Urbanization of the Drilling Industry
    Teodoriu, Catalin; Falcone, Gioia, Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 227-235. Jun 2008.
  4. Sketch of the set-up needed to supply hot water from a geothermal . . .

    Geothermal Energy: Venture Capital Risk Considerations
    Lerche, Ian, Energy Exploration & Exploitation, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 95-106. 2007.
Tables taken from ProQuest's Illustrata

  1. Jefferson W. Tester
    H. P. Meissner Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    From Publication Abstracts: pressures a phase change to steam is avoided which avoids large enthalpic energy penalties. Biological . . . feasibility of geothermal becoming a major supplier of primary energy for US base-load generation . . . of the panel which appears in complete form in a 2006 MIT report, 'The future of geothermalenergy' parts 1

  2. Bilal A. Akash
    Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hashemite University
    From Publication Titles: Modeling of a geothermal standing column well . . .Energy saving and CO2 mitigation through restructuring Jordan's transportation sector: The diesel passenger cars scenario . . .Prospects of GeothermalEnergy Utilization in Jordan

  3. Thomas A.V. Cassel
    Practice Professor, Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania
    From Publication Abstracts: for accelerating geothermal development . . ..Develops an analytic decision model for evaluating geothermal investment behavior of both resource developers and power producers. Provides estimates of the potential role of geothermalenergy . . . of geothermalenergy are documented. The forecasting instrument may be divided into two sequential submodels. The first predicts the timing and quality of geothermal resource discoveries from an underlying resource base. The second submodel forecasts the rate and extent of utilization of geothermal

  4. Burton M. Kennedy
    Geothermal Energy, U.S. Department of Energy
    From Publication Abstracts: the Dixie Valley geothermal field range from 0.70 to 0.76Ra, are among the highest values in the valley . . . Stillwater Range Front Fault, from which the geothermal fluids are produced. Using a one-dimensional flow . . ., identifying zones with high resource potential, particularly for geothermalenergy development

Scholars taken from ProQuest's Community of Scholars