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India and the Path to Environmental Sustainability
(Released February 2008)

  by Ethan Goffman  


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  1. China and India - learning from each other: reforms and policies for sustained growth

    Jahangir Aziz, Steven Dunaway and Eswar Prasad.

    Development and change, Vol. 38, No. 5, Sep 2007, pp. 976-977.

  2. The Debate about Development in India and Egypt

    Nicholas S. Hopkins.

    Journal of Social and Economic Development, Vol. 9, No. 1, January-June 2007 2007, pp. 54-73.

    Debates about development include not only statements but also actions and programmes, and constitute a discourse that both derives from the past and shapes the response to the future. The debates in Egypt and India are contrasting, along the three dimensions of conflict, cooperation and consciousness or awareness. Using three different examples (dam construction, sugar production, and the role of consciousness), this paper compares the debates about development in these two different national traditions. The discourse about development includes opposition between sets of ideas. It is subject to change as anomalies emerge that no longer fit the categories of the debate.

  3. How Do the BRICs Stack Up? Adding Brazil, Russia, India, and China to the Environment Component of the Commitment to Development Index

    David Roodman.

    enter for Global Development, 2007, 13

    Explains how the four biggest developing countries -- Brazil, Russia, India and China, a group Goldman Sachs dubbed the "BRICs" -- stack up to their rich-country counterparts on the environment component of the annual Commitment to Development Index (CDI). The author finds they generally perform well on greenhouse gas emissions, consumption of ozone-depleting substances, and tropical timber imports. Major weaknesses include low gas taxes, Amazon deforestation and heavy fossil fuel use. Tables, Figures, References.

  4. A Microsite Analysis of Resource Use around Kaziranga National Park, India: Implications for Conservation and Development Planning

    Rahul J. Shrivastava and Joel Heinen.

    Journal of Environment and Development, Vol. 16, No. 2, June 2007 2007, pp. 207-226.

    We used a semistructured social survey of 590 households in 37 villages along the southern boundary of Kaziranga National Park and World Heritage Site, Assam, India in late 2000 and early 2001 to assess resource use and demographic and socioeconomic conditions. Kaziranga, recently expanded in size in a region with a large and diverse human population, is globally important for the conservation of several critically endangered species. This was the first in-depth study of its kind in Kaziranga. The results showed highly variable resource use patterns as a function of caste/ethnic group, educational level, socioeconomic and immigration status of households, and location with respect to the park and wildlife corridors. We highlight the importance of and present a basis for electing a microsite planning approach for conservation and development in areas characterized by (1) high ethnic diversity, (2) high human population densities, and (3) endangered, land-dependent large mammal populations that pose economic risks. Individualized development schemes and participatory approaches to management at the local level are critical to achieve conservation and development goals in these cases.

  5. State of the world 2006: special focus: China and India


    Worldwatch Institute, 2006, 244

    Provides a special focus on China and India, examining the global impact as these two nations join the United States and Europe as major consumers of resources and polluters of local and global ecosystems. Explains the critical need for both countries to "leapfrog" the technologies, policies, and even the cultures that now prevail in many western countries for the sake of global sustainability, and reports on some of the strategies that China and India are starting to implement.