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e-Journal

 

Methylmercury Contamination in Fish and Shellfish
(Released February 2007)

 
  by Laura Griesbauer  

Review

Key Citations

Resources

Glossary

Editor
 
Resources Websites
Illustrations
Scholars

Websites

  1. Environmental and Health Concerns of Mercury.
    (Environnment Canada, 351 St. Joseph Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, Canada K1A 0H3)

  2. Mercury Levels in Commercial Fish and Shellfish.
    (U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857-0001)

  3. Mercury-FAQ's.
    (Environmental Services, P.O. Box 82135, Baton Rouge, LA 70884-2135, USA)

  4. Environmental Literary Council: Mercury in the Environment.
    (Environmental Literary Council, 1625 K Street, NW, Suite 1020, Washington D.C., 20006)

  5. Mercury and the Environment.
    (Environnment Canada, 351 St. Joseph Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, Canada K1A 0H3)

  6. Mercury in the Environment.
    (U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA)

  7. Mercury in the Environment- Factsheet.
    (N.H. Department of Environmental Services, 6 Hazen Drive, P.O. Box 95, Concord, NH 03302-0095, USA)

  8. Recommended Maximum Allowable Yearly Fish Consumption From Select Maryland Waters (PDF).
    (Maryland Department of the Environment)

  9. Mercury Contamination of Aquatic Ecosystems.
    (D.P. Krabbenhoft and D.A. Rickert, U.S. Geological Survey)

  10. Mercury in Fish: FDA Monitoring Program: (1990-2003).
    (U.S. Food and Drug Administration 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville MD 20857-0001)

  11. Backgrounder for the 2004 FDA/EPA Consumer Advisory: What You Need to Know About Mercury in Fish and Shellfish.
    (U. S. Food and Drug Administration 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville MD 20857-0001)

  12. Consumption of Fish and Seafood During Pregnancy.
    (Focus Information Technology 1135 S Sunset, Suite 402 West Covina, CA, 91790-3999)

  13. Environmental Mercury.
    (The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA), 520 Lafayette Road, St. Paul, MN 55155-4194, USA)

  14. EPA Action Plans for Mercury.
    (United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.)

  15. Human Health: Methylmercury Fact Sheet EPA-823-F-01-001, January 2001.
    (US EPA Health and Ecological Criteria Division, (Mail Code 4304T), Office of Science and Technology, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20460)

  16. Mercury.
    (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology, 1600 Clifton Road, E-29, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA)

  17. Mercury and Fish Consumption.
    (Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 59 Camelot Drive, Nepean, Ontario, K1A 0Y9)

Websites taken from CSA's Web Resources Related to Natural Sciences and other databases.

Illustrations, Figures & Tables
  1. The regression between the mercury concentration in pike (Esox lucius) and body weight (left) or the age of the fish (right). Based on 150 fish caught in Kattfjorden in 1988, 1991 and 1994 (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001, respectively). (ww = wet weight)

    Mercury in Sediment and Fish Communities of Lake Vaenern, Sweden: Recovery from Contamination
    Lindestroem, L., Ambio, Vol. 30, No. 8, pp. 538-544. Dec 2001.
  2. View of the electrochemical factory at Skoghall, Sweden. The chloralkali, chlorine condensation and lye evaporation section can be seen in the center of the photo. The cell rooms are located behind these buildings.

    Mercury in Sediment and Fish Communities of Lake Vaenern, Sweden: Recovery from Contamination
    Lindestroem, L., Ambio, Vol. 30, No. 8, pp. 538-544. Dec 2001.
  3. Map of the Chesapeake Bay showing the sampling site locations

    Methylmercury Concentrations in Fish from Tidal Waters of The Chesapeake Bay
    Mason, Robert P.; Heyes, Deborah; Sveinsdottir, Auja, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 425-437. Oct 2006.
  4. Theoretical relationship between mercury methylation rate (MMR) and . . .

    The methylmercury cycle in Little Rock Lake during experimental acidification and recovery
    Watras, C. J.; Morrison, K. A.; Regnell, O.; Kratz, T. K., Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 257-270. 2006.
  5. Aerial photograph of Little Rock Lake in the Northern Highland Lake . . .

    The methylmercury cycle in Little Rock Lake during experimental acidification and recovery
    Watras, C. J.; Morrison, K. A.; Regnell, O.; Kratz, T. K., Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 257-270. 2006.
  6. Relationship between body weight and mercury levels in the muscle of Thunnus obesus. ([cir ]) Total mercury and methylmercury levels were closely correlated with body weight, with coefficient constants of 0.852 and 0.824, respectively, for non-linear regression.

    Total mercury and methylmercury levels in commercially important fishes in Japan
    Yamashita, Yumiko; Omura, Yuji; Okazaki, Emiko, Fisheries Science, Vol. 71, No. 5, pp. 1029-1035. Oct 2005.
  7. Cumulative distribution function of concentrations of mercury (solid line) in fish tissue in the population of northeastern lakes. The vertical reference lines mark values of mercury concentrations judged to pose a risk to the health of human and other piscivorous mammals (Yeardley et al. 1998). The horizontal reference lines indicate that mercury concentrations in fish tissue exceed those values in 26% to 51% of lakes in the Northeast

    Indicators of Ecological Stress and Their Extent in the Population of Northeastern Lakes: A Regional-Scale Assessment
    Whittier, T.R.; Paulsen, S.G.; Larsen, D.P.; Peterson, S.A.; Herlihy, A.T.; Kaufmann, P.R., Bioscience, Vol. 52, No. 3, pp. 235-247. Mar 2002.
Illustrations, figures & tables taken from CSA's Illustrata

Scholars
  1. Clarkson, Thomas W.
    J. Lowell Orbison Distinguished Alumni Professor , Professor, Department of Environmental Medicine, School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Rochester Medical Center, University of Rochester
    http://www2.envmed.rochester.edu/envmed/tox/faculty/clarkson.html
    Using measurement error models to assess effects of prenatal and postnatal methylmercury exposure in the Seychelles Child Development Study

  2. Huang, Li-Shan
    Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Rochester Medical Center, University of Rochester
    http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/smd/biostat/people/faculty/huang.html
    Exploring nonlinear association between prenatal methylmercury exposure from fish consumption and child development: evaluation of the Seychelles Child Development Study nine-year data using semiparametric additive models...Using measurement error models to assess effects of prenatal and postnatal methylmercury exposure in the Seychelles Child Development Study

  3. Folt, Carol L.
    Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Arts & Sciences, Dartmouth College
    http://www.dartmouth.edu/~cfolt/index.html
    Mercury accumulation in fish is a global public health concern, because fish are the primary source of toxic methylmercury to humans.

  4. Mergler, Donna
    Professor, Département des sciences biologiques, Faculté des sciences, Université du Québec à Montréal
    http://www.bio.uqam.ca/professeurs/mergler_d.htm
    Fish consumption from the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River has been decreasing over the last years due to advisories and increased awareness of the presence of several contaminants. Methylmercury (MeHg), a well-established neurotoxicant even at low levels of exposure, bioaccumulates.

  5. St. Louis, Vincent L.
    Associate Professor, Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Alberta
    http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/faculty/vincent_stlouis/
    Whole-ecosystem Experimentation, Biogeochemical Cycling, Reservoir Impact Studies, Greenhouse Gases, Methylmercury Bioaccumulation, Limnology, Wetland Ecology, Ecotoxicology, Avian Ecology

List of scholars taken from CSA's Community of Scholars