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Freshwater Mussels: Engineering Ecosystems One Shell at a Time
(Released August 2011)

 
  by Natalie Abram  

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  1. TEXAS-MUSSELS, The zebra mussels, mollusk that originated in Russia, have been spreading across the United States and has reached Texas. Lake Texoma is the only lake in Texas that has the pesky critters.
    Max Faulkner/Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service, © 2010


  2. Edge of a brine pool, a super salty pond, populated by mussels at 800 meters. Bathymodiolus
    OAR/National Undersea Research Program (NURP); Texas A&M Univ., © 2001


  3. Biologist Phil Jeffries, of the Missouri Department of Conservation, gathers mussels out of an underwater cage at the Kansas City Zoo, which is trying to establish a sanctuary the for mussels native to the area.
    David Pulliam/Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service, © 2011
Resources taken from Proquest's eLibrary

Charts and Tables
  1. Phylogeny for St Croix River unionids based on Bayesian analysis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase subunit 1 (ND1) data set. Stars indicate ≥≥95%% posterior probability. Gray boxes indicate clades containing juvenile mussels retrieved from naturally infested fishes. Associated icons indicate fish species.

    A DNA-barcoding approach to identifying juvenile freshwater mussels (Bivalvia:Unionidae) recovered from naturally infested fishes
    Boyer, Sarah L; Howe, Alexander A; Juergens, Nathan W; Hove, Mark C, Journal of the North American Benthological Society. Vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 182-194. 11 Jan 2011.
  2. The relationships between average mussel catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE) and the superpopulation estimate for each habitat and primary sampling period for Alasmidonta arcula (A), Lampsilis dolabraeformis (B), Lampsilis splendida (C), and Pyganodon gibbosa (D). Lines are least-squares fits, and the coefficient of determination for each species is shown in the upper right corner. Superpopulation estimates were calculated using model-averaged estimates of surface population size and temporary emigration.

    An evaluation of the factors influencing freshwater mussel capture probability, survival, and temporary emigration in a large lowland river
    Meador, Jason R; Peterson, James T; Wisniewski, Jason M, Journal of the North American Benthological Society. Vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 507-521. 29 Mar 2011.
  3. Seasonal abundance of glochidia of short-term (A, B) and long-term (C, D) brooders in the drift in the Sipsey River, Alabama. To reduce clutter and to accommodate the wide variation in individual species abundances, species within each brooding strategy were plotted in either a high- (A, C) or low- (B, D) abundance group (1 or 2, respectively). The dashed line on the bottom panel represents water temperature.

    Seasonal and species-specific patterns in abundance of freshwater mussel glochidia in stream drift
    Culp, JJacob; Haag, Wendell R; Arrington, DAlbrey; Kennedy, Thomas B, Journal of the North American Benthological Society. Vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 436-445. 15 Mar 2011.
Tables taken from ProQuest's Illustrata
Scholars
  1. Caryn C. Vaughn
    Oklahoma Biological Survey, University of Oklahoma, Professor; Director, 1999 - Current
    http://faculty-staff.ou.edu/V/Caryn.C.Vaughn-1/caryn.htm
    My research interests are in the areas of freshwater ecology and conservation biology. Within these two broad areas my students and I are pursuing a variety of basic and applied ecological questions using benthic organisms as models. Much of my recent work focuses on freshwater mussels, a group where 70% of the North American species are considered threatened. Mussels are keystone species in many rivers and their catastrophic decline may lead to the decline of other faunas and the alteration of river ecosystem processes. In my research I am combining experimental and comparative approaches to examine the functional role of mussels in rivers and to determine the mechanisms underlying their distribution and abundance.

  2. Gregory W. Cope
    Department of Biology, North Carolina State University Associate Professor/Department Extension Leader/Coordinator, NC State University Agromedicine; Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, North Carolina State University
    http://service004.hpc.ncsu.edu/toxicology/faculty/cope/index.htm
    I conduct and supervise research related to the effects of environmental pollutants, with emphasis on fish and invertebrates as model systems, and infer results to human health and ecological risk assessment. Research is performed at the organismal, population, community, and ecosystem levels of organization, which includes the effects of environmental pollutants on reproduction and development, biomarker development, and the fate, bioavailability, and transport of contaminants. Major areas of research include: 1) assessment of pesticides, persistent organochlorine contaminants, and metals in surface waters, 2) effects of waterborne and sediment-associated contaminants on fish and unionid mussels in inland waterways, 3) efficacy of constructed weltlands and other Best Manangement Practices (BMPs) for reducing non-point source pollution from urban (e.g., polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and agricultural (e.g., nutrients) watersheds, and 4) the effects of contaminants on threatened and endangered species of fish and mussels.

  3. Robert F. McMahon
    Department of Biology, University of Texas at Arlington Professor Emeritus
    http://www.uta.edu/biology/mcmahon/
    My main research interests focus on the physiological ecology and population bioenergetics of freshwater and marine invertebrates, particularly gastropod and bivalve mollusks. My research areas include the biology and control of nonindigenous aquatic invertebrates such as zebra mussels and Asian clams, the effects of climatic warming including thermal effluents on the energetic allocation patterns of aquatic invertebrates, physiological responses of marine and freshwater invertebrates to environmental stress, the physiological basis of zonation in intertidal marine invertebrates, development of environmentally sound nonchemical controls for invertebrate macrofouling of raw water systems and the analysis of potential human vectors for transport of aquatic invasive species between isolated drainage systems.

Scholars taken from ProQuest's Community of Scholars