ProQuest www.csa.com
 
About CSA Products Support & Training News and Events Contact Us
 
RefWorks
  
Discovery Guides Areas
>
>
>
>
>
 
  
e-Journal

 

Deep Sea Oil Spill Cleanup Techniques: Applicability, Trade-offs and Advantages
(Released August 2010)

podcast link 
 
  by Pam Graham  

Review

Key Citations

Visuals

News

Glossary

Editor
 
Conclusion

Contents

From accurate, real-time detection to quick deployment of the right containment and cleanup methods at the right location, oil spill response is a largely low-tech endeavor that hasn't changed much over the years. According to U.S. Coast Guard incident operations coordinator Doug Helton, there are improvements and efficiencies on the edges, but oil spill cleanup still relies on heroic efforts and a lot of dirty, messy labor. [44]

Robert Bea, a University of California engineering professor and an expert on offshore drilling, worked for Shell Oil on the Santa Barbara oil spill in 1969; the Bay Marchand, LA, spill in 1970; and for the Mexican oil company Pemex on the huge Ixtoc spill in 1979. Bea said today's booms are better, and new materials absorb more oil than the straw that once was used, but in the years since those spills, the technology of cleanup hasn't changed substantially. For the most part, the only ways to get rid of the majority of the oil are old ones - corralling it, burning it, mopping it up and letting nature break it down. [45]

oily water and sun
Oil spilled from the single-hulled oil tanker Prestige washes up on the beach as the sun rises in Caion, Northern Spain

Oil cleanup remains an inexact science fraught with guesswork for a number of reasons, including greater industry investment and emphasis on better drilling technologies, the difficulty of simulating massive deep-sea oil spills for controlled research, the uniqueness of each disaster, and a federal funding preference for research programs that promote oil and gas production over those that focus on safety and accident prevention. [46]

© 2010, ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved.

List of Visuals

References

  1. Hadhazy, Adam. Gulf Oil Spill Is Testing Ground for Future Cleanup Tech.TechNews Daily, April 2010
    http://www.technewsdaily.com/gulf-oil-spill-is-testing-ground-for-future-cleanup-tech-0489/

  2. Remote Sensing for Oil Spill Detection and Response. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, March 2000
    http://jobfunctions.bnet.com/search.aspx?compid=19384

  3. Exploration & Production: The Oil & Gas Review 2005 - Issue 2, 2005
    http://www.touchoilandgas.com/publications.cfm?publication_id=67&level=2

  4. Detection of ocean waves by microwave radar; The modulation of short gravity-capillary waves. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 13: 1-4 January, 1978
    http://www.springerlink.com/content/g21046nt590q0672/

  5. Information Technology; Report summarizes information technology study findings from University of Salamanca. Robotics & Machine Learning. Atlanta: May, 2010

  6. Corchado, J.M., Aitor Mata, Francisco de Paz and David del Pozo. A Case-Based Reasoning System to Forecast the Presence of Oil Slicks. IADIS European Conference Data Mining, 2008
    http://www.iadis.net/dl/final_uploads/200812L001.pdf

  7. Mullin, Joseph. Remote Sensing and Surveillance of Oil Spills. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation, and Enforcement, July 2010
    http://www.mms.gov/tarprojectcategories/remote.htm

  8. First Response. Kolda Corp.
    http://www.koldacorp.com/english/firstresponse.html

  9. Min Choi, Hyung and Rinn M. Cloud. Natural Sorbents In Oil Spill Cleanup. Environmental Science Technology, 1992
    http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es00028a016

  10. Keating, Michael. Product with Long History Is Fighting Gulf Spill. GovPro, Penton Media, 2010
    http://govpro.com/public_works/content/oil-absorbent-booms-20100624/

  11. Hair for Oilspills Program. Answers to Frequently Asked Questions. Matter Of Trust
    http://www.matteroftrust.org/programs/hairfaq.html

  12. Mundt, Bret. Oil Skimmers - Simple and Effective. Ezine Articles, June, 2010
    http://ezinearticles.com/?Oil-Skimmers---Simple-and-Effective&id=4444815

  13. The Basics of Oil Skimming ? How It Gets Done with the BP "Big Spill/Leak" in the Gulf. Skimoil, Inc., June, 2010
    http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-oil-skimmers.htm

  14. Kietzman, Shannon. What are Oil Skimmers? WiseGeek, June 2010
    http://site-press.com/gulf-oil-spill-news/oil-spill-news/the-basics-of-oil-skimming-how-it-gets-
    done-with-the-bp-big-spillleak-in-the-gulf-2/

  15. Megator Oil Skimmers. Megator Corporation, 2004
    http://www.megator.com/oil_skimmers.htm

  16. What is Emulsified Oil and where does it come from? TurnKey Solutions, Inc.
    http://www.turnkey-solutions-inc.com/wieo.html

  17. Thompson, Derek. How Does Kevin Costner's Oil Cleaning Machine Work, Exactly? The Atlantic, June, 2010
    http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2010/06/how-does-kevin-costners-oil-cleaning-
    machine-work-exactly/57983/

  18. Oil Spill Cleanup. EVTN: able to launch a voraxial separator unit for oil spill response. YouTube, December, 2008
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-W8_GpMz9nI

  19. Calderin, Alessandra. A Slick Fix: Oil-Eating Robots Could Mop Up Ocean Disasters. Popular Science, July, 2010
    http://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2010-07/slick-fix

  20. Spangler, Steve. Oil Spill Absorbing Polymer. Steve Spangler Science
    http://www.stevespanglerscience.com/experiment/00000108

  21. Hasler, Joe. The State of Oil Spill Cleaning Technology. Popular Mechanics, May, 2010
    http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/coal-oil-gas/state-of-oil-cleaning-tech

  22. Dispersants: A Guided Tour - Part Five. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), April, 2005 (revised October, 2008)
    http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/topic_subtopic_entry.php?RECORD_KEY %28entry_
    subtopic_topic%29=entry_id,subtopic_id,topic_id&entry_id%28entry_subtopic_topic %29=159&
    subtopic_id%28entry_subtopic_topic%29=8&topic_id%28entry_subtopic_topic%29=1

  23. Committee on Understanding Oil Spill Dispersants: Efficacy and Effects. Oil Spill Dispersants: Efficacy and Effects. National Research Council, 2005
    http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=11283&page=2

  24. Oil Spill Dispersants: Top 20 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). Australian Maritime Safety Authority
    http://www.amsa.gov.au/Marine_Environment_Protection/National_plan/
    General_Information/Dispersants_Information/FAQ_Oil_Spills_Dispersants.asp

  25. Ross, S.L. Literature Review of Chemical Oil Spill Dispersants Herders in Fresh and Brackish Waters. U.S. Department of the Interior. Minerals Management Service, January, 2010
    http://www.mms.gov/tarprojects/635/AB.pdf

  26. Oil Spill Dispersants: The National Plan to Combat Pollution of the Sea by Oil and Other Noxious and Hazardous Substances. Australian Maritime Safety Authority
    http://www.amsa.gov.au/Marine_Environment_Protection/National_plan/
    General_Information/Dispersants_Information/Oil_Spill_Dispersants.asp

  27. Marine Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. National Academy Press, 1989

  28. Dispersants: A Guided Tour - Part Four. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), April, 2005 (revised October, 2008)
    http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/topic_subtopic_entry.php?RECORD_KEY %28entry_
    subtopic_topic%29=entry_id,subtopic_id,topic_id&entry_id%28entry_subtopic_topic%29=
    158&subtopic_id%28entry_subtopic_topic%29=8&topic_id%28entry_subtopic_topic%29=1

  29. American Chemical Society; Questioning the effectiveness of oil dispersants in Gulf oil spill. Energy & Ecology. July, 2010

  30. Oil-Spill Answers: Are We Going to Use Microbes to Destroy the Oil? If So, How Would That Work? Newsweek, 2010
    http://www.newsweek.com/blogs/the-human-condition/2010/05/04/oil-spill-answers-are
    -we-going-to-use-microbes-to-destroy-the-oil-if-so-how-would-that-work.html

  31. Upson, Sandra. Oil-Eating Microbes for Gulf Spill. Discovery News, June 11, 2010
    http://news.discovery.com/tech/oil-eating-microbes-gulf-oil-spill.html

  32. The Great Unknowns in Gulf Oil Spill. Newsweek, 2010
    http://www.newsweek.com/2010/05/24/the-great-unkowns-in-gulf-oil-spill.html

  33. Radermacher, Matt. Bioremediation of Marine Oil Spills. Iowa State University
    http://home.eng.iastate.edu/~tge/ce421-521/matt-r.pdf

  34. Winter, Allison. Gulf Oil Spill Creates 'Giant Experiment' in Marine Toxicology. New York Times, May, 2010
    http://www.nytimes.com/gwire/2010/05/21/21greenwire-gulf-oil-spill-creates
    -giant-experiment-in-mari-1284.html

  35. Response and Rescue Plans for Marine Mammals and Sea Turtles Impacted by the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/pdfs/health/oil_spill_response_plans.pdf3

  36. Viegas, Jennifer. Animal Clean-Up After Oil Spill: A Lengthy Process. Discovery News, Apr 30, 2010
    http://news.discovery.com/animals/oil-spill-wildlife-clean-up-process.html

  37. Just little bit of oil on a bird can be deadly. International Bird Rescue Research Center (IBRRC), 2010
    http://www.ibrrc.org/oil_affects.html

  38. Viegas, Jennifer. For Oiled Wildlife, Dawn Cleans Best. Discovery News, May 11, 2010
    http://news.discovery.com/animals/dawn-detergent-oil-spills-animals.html

  39. Marine Mammal Rescue and Cleaning. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
    http://www.epa.gov/oem/content/learning/rescue.htm#Marine

  40. Case Histories - E. The International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Limited (ITOPF), 2010
    http://www.itopf.com/information-services/data-and-statistics/case-histories/elist.html

  41. Milton, Sarah and Peter Lutz. Oil and Sea Turtles: Biology, Planning, and Response. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), August 2003.
    http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/book_shelf/35_turtle_complete.pdf

  42. Bell, Debbye Turner. Gulf Wildlife Rescue Efforts Only Just Beginning. CBS News, June 7, 2010.
    http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2010/06/07/earlyshow/contributors/
    debbyeturner/main6556895.shtml

  43. Pincetich, Chris. Daily Updates: Oil Spill Jeopardizes All Sea Turtles in the Gulf of Mexico. Sea Turtle Restoration Project, August, 2010. http://www.seaturtles.org/article.php?id=1621

  44. Terdiman, Daniel. Gulf Coast Oil Spill Responders Employ Latest Tech. CNET News, April, 2010. http://news.cnet.com/8301-13772_3-20003894-52.html

  45. Schoof, Renee. Despite Gulf cleanup efforts, nature will have to do most of it. July, 2010. http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2010/07/16/97702/despite-gulf-cleanup-efforts-nature.html

  46. Michaels, Dave. House Votes to Change Focus of Oil Research from Promotion to Safety. The Dallas Morning News, July, 2010. http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/bus/industries/energy/stories/DN-deepwater_22bus.ART.State.Edition1.3e85194.html

Websites accessed in June and July of 2010