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The Tallgrass Prairie: An Endangered Landscape
(Released November 2011)

 
  by Pam Graham  

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  1. Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve near Council Grove, Kansas, is a partnership of the National Parks system, the Nature Conservancy and a private trust.
    Jane Wooldridge/Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service


  2. Patrick A. Thrasher (left), an interpretive specialist with the USDA Forest Service's Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie, and Midewin's supervisor, Logan Lee, look over native grasses in part of the 365 acres restoration area on the site of the former Joliet Arsenal in Wilmington, Illinois, September 1, 2006.
    George Thompson/Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service


  3. Scientists working with the Nature Conservancy are studying sandhill cranes.
    Meri Simon/Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service
Resources taken from Proquest's eLibrary

Charts and Tables
  1. Pasture, area, animal unit months, grazing treatment, and duration of treatment for 10 experimental pastures at the Kansas Army Ammunition Plant, Kansas.

    Restoring Tallgrass Prairie and Grassland Bird Populations in Tall Fescue Pastures With Winter Grazing
    Johnson, Tracey N; Sandercock, Brett K, Rangeland Ecology & Management. Vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 679-688. Nov 2010.
  2. Figure 1. Prairie sampling design for the 2001 prescribed burn. Preburn litter (i.e., the 0.25 m 2 square areas) and postburn ash (i.e. , the two 0.125 m 2 rectangular areas) samples were collected from within the 20 2.25-m 2 experimental units located evenly at 6-m spacing in the 4 × 5 grid

    The Fate of Nutrients Following Three- and Six-year Burn Intervals in a Tallgrass Prairie Restoration in Wisconsin
    Brye, KR; Norman, JM; Gower, ST, American Midland Naturalist. Vol. 148, no. 1, pp. 28-42. Jul 2002.
  3. Figure 1. Mean percentage colonization of roots (A- SE), September 1996 at the Cambridge, Minn. restoration site. Bars with different letters are significantly different between the same mycorrhizal structures at I- = 0.05. Arbuscular colonization, p = 0.038; vesicular colonization, p = 0.017.

    Arbuscular mycorrhizae promote establishment of prairie species in a tallgrass prairie restoration
    Smith, MR; Charvat, I; Jacobson, RL, Canadian Journal of Botany/Revue Canadienne de Botanique. Vol. 76, no. 11, pp. 1947-1954. Nov 1998.
Tables taken from ProQuest's Illustrata
Scholars
  1. John M. Blair
    Division of Biology, Kansas State University University Distinguished Professor
    http://www.k-state.edu/biology/faculty_pages/blair.html
    Grassland ecology; Ecosystem ecology and terrestrial biogeochemistry; Soil ecology, including decomposition, soil nutrient cycling, litter/soil/plant nutrient dynamics; Effects of disturbance on ecosystem processes; Ecology of soil invertebrates; Grassland ecology; Ecosystem ecology and terrestrial biogeochemistry; Soil ecology, including decomposition, soil nutrient cycling, litter/soil/plant nutrient dynamics; Effects of climate change and other disturbances on ecosystem processes; Ecology of soil invertebrates.

  2. Henry F. Howe
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago Distinguished Professor
    http://www.uic.edu/depts/bios/faculty/howe/hhowe2.shtml
    I am interested in population and community ecology of natural and restored communities, with particular expertise in plant and animal interactions and fire ecology. Current interests include 1) experimental restoration ecology, 2) dispersal ecology of tropical trees, 3) demography of desert plants.

    My program in experimental restoration ecology involves creation of synthetic tallgrass prairie assemblages which are experimentally manipulated. One genre of papers (1994 to present) involves species and community responses to burns at different seasons in southwestern Wisconsin. Another (1999 to present) tests for the effects of small bird and rodent effects on tallgrass composition, diversity, and productivity in northern Illinois (with Dr. Joel S. Brown and our students) and southwest Wisconsin, using a stratified sample of seed sizes and other characteristics of planted species. Seasonal fire and seed-eating birds and seed-eating and herbivorous rodents all affect tallgrass producitivity, composition and diversity, with sometimes catastrophic effects of rodent herbivory.

  3. Diane M. Debinski
    Associate Professor, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University
    http://www.public.iastate.edu/~debinski/homepage.html
    Dr. Debinski is a conservation biologist who works on identifying techniques to preserve and restore biological diversity. Some of her current research projects include: 1) testing the use of GIS and remote sensing data in predicting species distributions in montane meadows under present day and global climate change scenarios; 2) restoring prairie habitats that have incurred biodiversity loss; and (3) studying effects of habitat fragmentation in agroecosystems. Related topics of interest include conservation genetics, landscape ecology, and metapopulation dynamics.

    I pursue research and teaching in the fields of conservation biology, landscape ecology, and restoration ecology. Specific areas of research include biodiversity assessment with remote sensing and GIS applications, metapopulation dynamics, habitat fragmentation, population viability assessment, prairie restoration and agroecology. My major study organisms have been birds and butterflies, but over the years, I have gotten involved in studying spiders in forested ecosystems, aquatic invertebrates living on the bottom of the Chesapeake Bay, pupfish in California deserts, shorebirds in Michigan, rare dragonflies going extinct in the Chicago, hawks in the Rocky Mountain region, and a broad range of biodiversity in the Peruvian rainforest. In the Yellowstone Ecosystem I have a decade's worth of field data and satellite-based habitat classification data. I am using these data to build predictive species distribution models under both current conditions and conditions of global climate change. The long-term goal of this project is to identify species and habitats that are most vulnerable to global climate change. In Iowa, I am specifically interested in restoring prairie habitats and their related species. I am using the Regal Fritillary butterfly species as a model to understand how to put the pieces of a prairie ecosystem back together.

Scholars taken from ProQuest's Community of Scholars