- Reviewing the concept of sustainable
development in social discourse/Revisando el concepto de desarrollo
sostenible en el discurso social
Juan Ignacio AragonÚs, Carlos Izurieta and Gonzalo Raposo.
Psicothema, Vol. 15, No. 2, May 2003, pp. 221-226.
This study originated as an investigation into what people
mean by Sustainable Development. It attempted to discover
the dimensions underlying the concept and to find out how
these are modified by political beliefs or by ways of relating
to nature. To achieve this aim, a content analysis was carried
out to analyse 132 definitions of Sustainable Development.
Within these definitions, 10 dimensions were observed, among
which development and nature and the environment stood out.
The study showed that there was a loss of elements among the
interviewees with regard to the WCED definition. This suggests
that there are communication problems, which affect the expression
of what exactly is meant by the concept. Attitudes towards
nature affect the way in which this concept is understood,
and not the political beliefs of the participants. (PsycINFO
Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved) (journal
- Talentship, Talent Segmentation, and
Sustainability: A New HR Decision Science Paradigm for a New
John W. Boudreau and Peter M. Ramstad.
Human Resource Management.Special The Future of Human Resource
Management, Vol. 44, No. 2, Sum 2005, pp. 129-136.
Two paradigm shifts are discussed here: talentship and sustainability.
First, the traditional service-oriented HR focus must be extended
to a "decision science" that enhances decisions about human
capital. We call this decision science talentship. It includes
talent segmentation, or identifying pivotal talent pools where
the quality and/or availability of human capital makes the
biggest difference to strategic success. Second, HR and business
leaders increasingly define organizational effectiveness beyond
traditional financial outcomes to encompass sustainability--achieving
success today without compromising the needs of the future.
A common strategic human capital decision science can reveal
pivotal talent under both traditional and sustainability-based
definitions, and thus uncover important insights about the
talent implications of the shifting definition of strategic
success. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights
reserved) (journal abstract )
- Women Have Their Say: The Meaning of
Dorothy N. Gamble, Paul Castelloe and Seema Varma.
Journal of Social Work Research and Evaluation, Vol. 4, No.
1, spring-summer 2003, pp. 121-135.
A forum that focused on skills, theory, & practice for women
in community-sustainable development brought together 131
people from 14 countries to explore these issues. Participants
with experience as grassroots leaders/activists, nongovernmental
organization representatives, foundation representatives,
& scholars explored their ways of knowing & describing sustainable
development. Different experiences did not seem to result
in very different concepts for describing sustainable development.
The authors found similarities across nine components of the
definitions from the different experience groups. These components
are also congruent with current definitions of sustainable
development from the literature. 23 References. Adapted from
the source document.
- Building capacity and sustainable prevention
innovations: A sustainability planning model
Knowlton Johnson, Carol Hays, Hayden Center and Charlotte
Evaluation & Program Planning, Vol. 27, No. 2, May 2004,
This article presents an informed definition of sustainability
and an associated planning model for sustaining innovations
(pertinent to both infrastructure and interventions) within
organizational, community, and state systems. The planning
model stems from a systematic review of the literature and
from concepts derived from a series of 'think tanks' made
up of key substance abuse prevention professionals. The model
assumes a five-step process (i.e. assessment, development,
implementation, evaluation, and reassessment/modification)
and addresses factors known to inhibit efforts to sustain
an innovation. One set of factors concerns the capacity of
prevention systems to support sustainable innovations. The
other pertains to the extent to which a particular innovation
is sustainable. A sustainability action strategy is presented
that includes goals with corresponding sets of objectives,
actions, and results that determine the extent of readiness
to sustain an innovation. Sustainability tools to assist in
implementing the planning model are illustrated, and next
steps for the model are discussed. This planning model provides
a conceptual and practical understanding of sustainability
that can lead to further investigation. (PsycINFO Database
Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract
- What is sustainable development? Goals,
indicators, values and practice
Environment, Vol. 47, No. 3, April 2005, pp. 8-21.
Since the term sustainable development was coined, a core
set of guiding principles and values has evolved around it.
However, its definition remains fluid, allowing institutions,
programs of environment and development, and places from local
to global to project their own aspirations onto the banner
of sustainable development.
- Environmental Policy Integration: Towards
an Analytical Framework
William M. Lafferty and Eivind Hovden.
Environmental Politics, Vol. 12, No. 3, autumn 2003, pp.
Environmental policy integration (EPI) is a key defining
feature of sustainable development. Despite the fact that
EPI has been the subject of much debate in both academic &
policy-making circles, conceptual issues relating to EPI have
received relatively little treatment. The conceptual work
that has been completed on EPI generally fails to place the
concept in an appropriate environmental policy context, &
this in turn appears to betray the fact that the concept clearly
implies a relatively strong revision of the traditional hierarchy
of policy objectives. In this article the authors discuss
the origins of the concept & provide conceptual clarification
regarding its definition & context. Further, the article derives
a simple analytical framework consisting of vertical & horizontal
dimensions of EPI, which can serve as a useful point of departure
for further empirical work on the implementation of EPI. 1
Figure, 35 References. Adapted from the source document.
- Concepts and definitions of CSR and
corporate sustainability: between agency and communion
Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 44, No. 2-3, May-Nov 2003,
This paper provides an overview of the contemporary debate
on the concepts and definitions of Corporate Social Responsibility
(CSR) and Corporate Sustainability (CS). The conclusions,
based on historical perspectives, philosophical analyses,
impact of changing contexts and situations and practical considerations,
show that 'one solution fits all'-definition for CS(R) should
be abandoned, accepting various and more specific definitions
matching the development, awareness and ambition levels of
organizations.; Reprinted by permission of Springer
- Multiple levels of corporate sustainability
Marcel Marrewijk and Marco Werre.
Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 44, No. 2-3, May-Nov 2003,
According to Dr. Clare Graves, mankind has developed eight
core value systems, as responses to prevailing circumstances.
Given different contexts and value systems, a one-solution-fits-all
concept of corporate sustainability is not reasonable. Therefore
this paper presents various definitions and forms of sustainability,
each linked to specific (societal) circumstances and related
value systems. A sustainability framework - an essential element
of the overall European Corporate Sustainability Framework
- is described showing six types of organizations at different
developmental stages, with different forms of corporate sustainability,
each supported by specific institutional arrangements.; Reprinted
by permission of Springer
- Women and the Burden of Unsustainable
Development: Practice and Policy Contradictions
Development in Practice, Vol. 14, No. 3, Apr 2004, pp. 428-432.
The author sets the definitions of environmental development
from the 1970s to the 1990s against her personal experiences.
Special attention is paid to the idea of sustainable development
and women's roles. 10 References. J. Zendejas.
- Can the post-apartheid South African
city move towards accessibility, equity and sustainability?
M. J. W. A. Vanderschuren and S. Galaria.
International Social Science Journal, Vol. 55, No. 2, Jun
2003, pp. 265-277.
Historically, towns and cities have developed at easily accessible
transport nodes to the sea, rivers, or roads. Unfortunately,
the macro accessibility of cities that has followed in general
was not extended to the micro level. In this paper, transport
sustainability is assessed in terms of the following definition:
a sustainable city provides mobility for all by creating accessibility
of destinations, preferably by slow modes or public transport.
The use of the private car is limited, congestion does not
exist, and measures are taken if noise pollution occurs. From
this perspective, accessibility within cities is often a problem,
notably because of the separation between transportation and
settlement planning. South Africa reflects this general pattern,
which has resulted in unsustainable urban areas, but with
the aggravating circumstance of the legacy of apartheid, which
the paper explores in detail using the example of Cape Town.
In order to give suggestions for the improvement of South
African cities, urban spatial theories are described and examples
of cities that developed based at least partly on those theories
are given. However, European experiences have shown that settlement
planning, even based on successful theories such as the corridor
or the compact city approach, is not enough. There is a need
for integrated settlement and transport planning. South Africa
should investigate which additional integrated settlement
and transport-planning policies should be put in place to
improve the cities and to make them more equitable and sustainable.
(PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
(journal abstract )