Arms race: Competitive building up of
armaments by actors in a (potential) conflict that proceeds in an
Asymmetric threat: The use of crude,
low-tech methods to attack a superior high-tech enemy.
Civil liberties: Freedoms that
protect the individual from arbitrary government interference (as with the
freedom of speech and movement).
Deterrence: Conditional commitment
to retaliate or to exact retribution if another party fails to behave in a
desired, compliant manner. Deterrence concentrates exclusively on negative
sanctions or threats.
Hamas: A radical Islamic
organization operating primarily in the Gaza Strip and West Bank whose
goal is to establish an Islamic Palestinian state in place of Israel.
Hamas operates openly through the delivery of social services, but its
activists have also conducted many attacks, including suicide bombings,
against Israeli civilians and military targets.
National Missile Defense (NMD): A
defense system intended to protect the U.S. from intercontinental
ballistic missiles fired by rogue states. Interceptor missiles and radar
would be placed in Alaska and North Dakota. NMD is a morphed version of
former President Ronald Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) of the
Organization of the Islamic
Conference: An intergovernmental organization of 56 Islamic states
promoting Muslim solidarity in economic, social, and political affairs
Peacekeeping: Third-party role played by military or civilian actors in a violent conflict situation in
which the goals are to eliminate violence and engineer a truce.
Politicization: Giving something a
political tone or character.
Post-conflict development: The
reorganization and reestablishment of states following a war.
Rogue state: A state that allegedly
seeks weapons of mass destruction despite international pressure, often
engages in widespread suppression of human rights, sponsors or encourages
terrorist activities, and challenges the primacy of the U.S.
Rule-of-law: Predominance of law
over discretionary authority of public officials.
Theater Missile Defense (TMD): A
defense system that aims at protecting Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan from
intermediate range ballistic missiles from North Korea.
Weapon of mass destruction: Any weapon or device that is intended, or has the capability, to cause death or serious bodily injury to a significant number of people through the
release, dissemination, or impact of toxic or poisonous chemicals or their
precursors, a disease organism, or radiation or radioactivity.