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> PAIS International Factsheet
 
 

PAIS Broad Topics

 
 
The following is the PAIS List of Subject Headings with 24 Broad Topics and 306 Subtopics.

Administration of justice
  • Courts and judicial power
  • Crime and criminals
  • International courts
  • Judgments and sentences
  • Legal procedure
  • Legal profession and occupations
  • Police and law enforcement
  • Prisoners and imprisonment
  • Prisons and correctional facilities and personnel

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing and agricultural policy

  • Agricultural economics and farm holdings
  • Agricultural extension, research, and technology
  • Agricultural population and workers
  • Agriculture and agricultural policy
  • Beverage industry
  • Crop management
  • Fiber industry
  • Fish industry
  • Forests and forest products industry
  • Fruit industry
  • Grain, seed, and nut industries
  • Livestock, meat, and animal products industry
  • Oils and fats
  • Processed food industries
  • Vegetable industry

Banking and public and private finance

  • Banking and financial personnel
  • Banking operations and services
  • Banks and other financial institutions
  • Central banks
  • Commodity exchanges
  • Credit and loans
  • Currency
  • Financial instruments
  • Financial planning and risk
  • International banking and finance
  • International financial institutions
  • Investments and securities
  • Money and monetary policy
  • Personal finance and saving
  • Philanthropy
  • Public finance
  • Stock exchanges
  • Taxation and tax policy

Business and service sector

  • Accounting
  • Acquisitions and mergers
  • Advertising and public relations
  • Business and business enterprises
  • Business and government
  • Business finance
  • Business operations and practices
  • Business organization, administration, and management
  • Entertainment business
  • Entrepreneurs, executives, and business personnel and occupations
  • Hospitality and tourism business
  • Insurance
  • Markets, marketing, and merchandising
  • Personal and housekeeping services
  • Personnel management
  • Real estate business
  • Retail business

Culture and religion

  • Architecture
  • Arts and arts policy
  • Calendars, special days, and ceremonies
  • Cultural heritage and preservation
  • Culture and civilization
  • Intellectual life
  • Language and languages
  • Literature
  • Multiculturalism and cultural relations
  • Museums, memorials, and monuments
  • Music
  • National characteristics
  • Religion and religious groups
  • Symbols, emblems, and awards

Economic conditions and policy

  • Consumers and consumption
  • Economic conditions
  • Economic policy, planning, and development
  • Economic relations
  • Economic research
  • Economic theory
  • Infrastructure
  • Property and wealth

Education and education policy

  • Adult, technical, and vocational education
  • Colleges and universities
  • Curriculum
  • Education
  • Education financing, facilities, and equipment
  • Education personnel and population
  • Education policy and planning
  • Educational psychology and learning ability
  • Information services and sources
  • Libraries
  • Research centers and laboratories
  • School administration
  • Schools
  • Statistics, research, and research methods and financing
  • Study abroad
  • Teaching methods

Energy resources and policy

  • Coal industry
  • Electric power
  • Energy policy
  • Energy research and technology
  • Fuels
  • Natural gas industry
  • Nuclear power
  • Petroleum industry
  • Renewable energy sources

Environment and environmental policy

  • Animals
  • Buildings and structures
  • Ecology
  • Environmental policy
  • Forest management
  • Geography and cartography
  • Land resources and use
  • Mining and mineral resources
  • Natural disasters
  • Ocean and ocean resources
  • Parks, nature reserves, and open spaces
  • Plants
  • Pollution and environmental degradation
  • Radioactive and dangerous substances
  • Wastes and waste management
  • Water, waterways, and water management
  • Weather and climate

Government

  • Central or federal government
  • Communism and socialism
  • Executive power
  • Foreign relations
  • Government agencies and bodies
  • Government employees
  • Intergovernmental relations
  • Internal security
  • Legislative power and procedure
  • Local and municipal government
  • Nation state
  • Public administration
  • Public officials
  • Public policy
  • Public services and utilities
  • State or regional government

Health conditions and policy

  • Diseases and disorders
  • Food and nutrition
  • Health and health policy and financing
  • Hospitals and other health care facilities
  • Medical research and technology
  • Medicine and health care
  • Mental health
  • Physicians, nurses, and other health personnel
  • Women's and children's health

Human rights

  • Civil and political rights
  • Economic, social, and cultural rights
  • Human rights promotion and violations

International relations

  • Diplomacy
  • International and regional organizations
  • International peace and security
  • International relations
  • International relief and humanitarian assistance
  • Treaties
  • War

Labor conditions and policy

  • Employment and labor supply
  • Labor conditions, wages, salaries, and benefits
  • Labor policy
  • Occupational health and safety
  • Unions
  • Work and labor
  • Work design
  • Workplaces

Law and ethics

  • Administrative law
  • Civil law
  • Commercial law
  • Constitutional law
  • Corporations and securities law
  • Criminal law
  • Environmental law
  • Ethics
  • Family law
  • Health law
  • Immigration law
  • Intellectual property, copyright, patent, and trademark law
  • International law
  • Labor law
  • Landlord and tenant law
  • Law and jurisprudence
  • Liability, torts, and personal injury
  • Local government law
  • Maritime law
  • Military and martial law
  • Public law
  • Real estate and property law
  • Trusts, estates, and probate law

Manufacturing and heavy industry

  • Appliance and furnishings industries
  • Automotive industry
  • Building and construction
  • Chemical industries
  • Clothing and textile industry
  • Computer and electronics industry
  • Container industry
  • Industrial management, production, and productivity
  • Industrial materials
  • Industry and industrial policy
  • Machinery and equipment industry
  • Manufacturing and manufactured goods
  • Metals industry
  • Pharmaceutical industry
  • Toilet goods industry

Media, telecommunications, and information policy

  • Broadcasting
  • Communication systems
  • Electronic data processing, transmission, and retrieval
  • Film and video
  • Information policy
  • Journalism and the news
  • Mass media
  • Press
  • Print media and publishing
  • Radio
  • Telecommunications
  • Telephone
  • Television

Military and defense policy

  • Military bases and buildings
  • Military equipment and weapons
  • Military personnel
  • Military planning, strategy, and operations
  • Military policy
  • Military service
  • Military spending
  • National security
  • Veterans

Politics

  • Campaigns, lobbying, and pressure groups
  • Elections and voting
  • Insurgency, and counterinsurgency
  • Nationalism
  • Political dissent
  • Political ethics
  • Political ideologies and movements
  • Political parties and groups
  • Political status
  • Politics

Population groups, population policy, and demographics

  • Children and youth
  • Demography and census
  • Disabled
  • Ethnic and racial groups
  • Family planning
  • Immigrants and aliens
  • Immigration and immigration policy
  • Men
  • Migrants and migration
  • Native races
  • Refugees
  • Women

Science and technology policy

  • Astronomy and space science and technology
  • Biology and biotechnology
  • Chemistry and physics
  • Computer science and information technology
  • Engineering
  • Geology, oceanography, and mineral research
  • Mathematics
  • Photography
  • Science and science policy
  • Scientific equipment
  • Scientific research
  • Scientists, engineers, and technical workers
  • Technology and technology policy

Social conditions and policy

  • Alcohol and drug addiction and trafficking
  • Associations and meetings
  • Communication
  • Community life and organization
  • Discrimination and affirmative action
  • History
  • Housing
  • Leisure, recreation, and hobbies
  • Marriage and family life
  • Poverty and homelessness
  • Psychology
  • Public welfare and social services
  • Race relations
  • Rural conditions
  • Safety and security
  • Sex
  • Social conditions and problems
  • Social movements
  • Social policy
  • Social research
  • Social sciences and social scientists
  • Social status
  • Social values
  • Sports
  • Urban conditions
  • Volunteerism

Trade and trade policy

  • Commercial treaties and agreements
  • Common markets, free trade associations, and monetary unions
  • Customs administration and duties
  • Export-import trade
  • Free trade and protection

Transportation and transportation policy

  • Air transport
  • Freight transport
  • Highways
  • Inland water transport
  • Mail and delivery service
  • Maritime industry and transport
  • Motor transport
  • Motor vehicles
  • Railroads and trains
  • Ships and boats
  • Traffic and traffic regulation
  • Transportation
  • Transportation policy and planning
  • Urban transport