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Zoological Record Plus (ZR Plus)

Zoological Record Plus (ZR Plus), produced by Thomson Scientific, and formerly by BIOSIS and the Zoological Society of London, provides extensive coverage of the world's zoological and animal science literature, covering all research from biochemistry to veterinary medicine. The database provides an easily searched collection of references from over 5,000 international serial publications, plus books, meetings, reviews and other non serial literature from over 100 countries.

Zoological Record has long been recognized as the "unofficial register" of taxonomic names and systematics, but other topics are also given comprehensive treatment using indexing in both controlled- and natural-language format. An online thesaurus of around 6,000 controlled terms arranged in hierarchies makes it easy to locate appropriate search terms. Scope notes and related term references are also provided.

Subject Coverage
    All areas of zoology and animal sciences research are covered, including:
    • Conservation and environmental science
    • Evolution
    • Genetics
    • Geographical and fossil records
    • Marine and freshwater biology
    • Parasitology and disease
    • Reproduction
    • Taxonomy and systematics
    • New techniques from the laboratory and the field
    • Veterinary studies
Dates of Coverage
    1864 - current
Update Frequency
    Over 2,407,818 records as of August 2013
    Thomson Scientific
    3501 Market Street
    Philadelphia PA 19104
    Tel: +1 215-386-0100
    Fax: +1 215-386-2911

    Errors and omissions may be notified to:
    Thomson Zoological Ltd
    York Science Park (Innovation Centre),
    Heslington, York YO10 5DG,
    United Kingdom
    Tel: +44 (0)1904 435113
    Fax: +44 (0)1904 435114
Sample Record
    Title Whale barnacles and Neogene cetacean migration routes

    Author Bianucci, Giovanni {a}; Landini, Walter; Buckeridge, John

    Affiliation Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Universita di Pisa, Via S. Maria, 53 56126 Pisa, Italy

    Source New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 49(1), March 2006: 115-120.

    ISSN 0028-8306

    Descriptors Behaviour; Parasites diseases and disorders; Parasites; Hosts; Land zones; Australasian region; Neotropical region; South America; Australasia; Oceanic islands; Pacific Ocean islands; Geological time periods; Caenozoic; Quaternary; Tertiary; Neogene

    Coronula diadema; Mammalian hosts; Parasite distributional records implications for host migration; Pliocene & Pleistocene; Megaptera novaeangliae; Ecuador; Manabi Province, coast; New Zealand; North Island, east coast; Vanuatu; Espiritu Santos; Pleistocene; Pliocene

    Megaptera novaeangliae; Migration; Crustacean parasites; Parasite distributional records implications for migration; Pliocene & Pleistocene; Coronula diadema; Ecuador; Manabi Province, coast; New Zealand; North Island, east coast; Vanuatu; Espiritu Santos; Pleistocene; Pliocene

    SuperTaxa .Crustacea

    Systematics Coronula diadema (Balanomorpha) : Parasite Fossil

    Megaptera novaeangliae (Balaenopteridae) : Host Fossil

    Taxa Notes Arthropods; Cetaceans; Chordates; Crustaceans; Invertebrates; Mammals; Vertebrates

    Abstract An exceptional fossil assemblage of the ectoparasitic whale barnacle Coronula diadema was recently discovered from late Pliocene-Pleistocene sediments outcropping on the coast of Ecuador where today humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) migrate for breeding. A similar occurrence is recorded in New Zealand and in Vanuatu, where late Pliocene-Pleistocene fossil coronulids have been found in sediments along the coasts that are current humpback whale migration routes. In both Ecuador and New Zealand we have collected fragmentary whale remains in association with these barnacle assemblages. Considering that detachment of whale barnacles from extant humpback whales has only been observed in breeding areas or along migratory routes, we view the Ecuador and New Zealand fossil barnacle assemblages as indirect evidence of whale migration during the late Neogene. Application of this hypothesis to the distribution pattern of fossil Coronula in the Mediterranean Basin, indicates that, unlike the present, mysticete whales may have used the Mediterranean as a breeding ground during the Pliocene and Pleistocene.

    Publication Year 2006

    Language English

    Summary Language English

    Publication Type Journal Article

    Format Covered Print

    Accession Number ZOOR14207046141
Field Codes
    The following field codes are found in the records of this database. Here they are listed in alphabetical order by two-letter code.

    AB = Abstract NT = Notes
    AF = Author Affiliation OT = Original Title
    AN = Accession Number PT = Publication Type
    AU = Author PY = Publication Year
    DE = Descriptors SL = Summary Language
    FC = Format Covered SO = Source
    IB = ISBN SY = Systematics
    IS = ISSN SX = Supertaxa
    JN= Journal Name TI = Title
    KW = Keyword TN = Taxa Notes
    LA = Language UD = Update


    Abstract, AB=

    An optional field containing the authors' abstract as given in the original source document. Consequently, this field may contain US or British spellings, abbreviations, etc. Allow for spelling variants and synonyms in searching this field. A Keywords (KW=) search includes the Abstract field. You may search terms within the Abstract by entering ab=term:

      AB=genetic drift

    Author Affiliation, AF=

    A correspondence address of the author as given in the source document. The author(s) to which the address refers is marked with '{a}'.

    Accession Number, AN=

    A unique identifier for the record.

    Author, AU=

    Author names are provided as given in the original source document. From Volume 134 (1998) forward, full author forenames are used and the author(s) to which the address in the Author affiliation (AF=) field refers is marked with '{a}'. Prior to that time, author forenames were reduced to initials. There are two ways to search for an author:

    Option 1 - Click the Browse Indexes button in the lower left margin; select Author index for Zoological Record Plus; enter a name in the Find box; click the Display button and select from the resulting display.

    Option 2 - Enter directly into the query box, the last name plus initial as well as the first name:

      AU=effenberger (s or selma)

    Descriptors, DE=

    The Descriptors field contains controlled subject terms taken from the ZR PLUS thesaurus and their free text modifier terms which provide more detail. The field is included in searches conducted from the thesaurus and in Keyword searches.

    Any term can be searched as natural language or free text, but unless the term is selected from the controlled vocabulary, it is recommended to also include synonyms and variants in the search.

    Search tip: To improve precision, link search terms together in the command line search using the WITHIN50 operator, or the NEAR operator which finds terms within 10 words of each other.

      DE=genetic variability
      DE=((lutra lutra) within50 (conservation))
      DE=(nematoda near sp nov)

    Format Covered, FC=

    The Format Covered field contains terms describing the medium in which the source document was originally published and which was viewed for indexing. Possible values include:


    Search by entering fc=term:


    ISBN, IB=

    The International Standard Book Number. Use this in preference to the book title, etc. to locate a specific book publication.


    ISSN, IS=

    The International Standard Serial Number. Use this in preference to the Serial title, etc. to locate records from a specific journal publication.


    Journal Name, JN=

    This is the serial title. There are two ways to search for a journal name:

    Option 1 - Click the Browse Indexes button in the lower left margin; select Journal Name index for Zoological Record Plus; enter a name or the beginning of a name in the Find box; click the Display button and select from the resulting display.

    Option 2 - Enter the unique word(s) directly in the query box.

      JN=Global and Planetary Change

    Keywords, KW=

    Includes Title (TI=), Abstract (AB=), Descriptors (DE=), Systematics (SY=), and Supertaxa (SX=)


    Language, LA=

    The language of the main body of the source document.


    Notes, NT=

    The Notes field contains miscellaneous bibliographic information, such as details of translations, collaborating authors' additional unpaginated plates and illustrations, etc.

      NT=unpaginated plates

    Original Title, OT=

    The original language title as provided in the source document. This allows easier identification of items when requesting reprints from document suppliers. As the field is specific to the ZR Plus database, it should be searched using the Command-Line Search function in the Advanced Search form.

      OT=(nouvelles especes)

    Publication Type, PT=

    Indicates the type of literature item indexed. One or more of the following terms can appear in this field to describe the item:

      Book Chapter
      Meeting Paper

    There are two ways to search by Publication Type:

    Option 1 - Click the Browse Indexes button in the lower left margin; select Publication Type index for Zoological Record Plus; enter a term in the Find box; click the Display button and select from the resulting display.

    Option 2 - Enter the unique word(s) directly in the query box and, if desired, combine this with the rest of your search.

      PT=(meeting paper) and DE=(abiotic factors)

    Publication Year, PY=

    The year the item was originally published.


    Source, SO=

    Contains the serial title and bibliographic reference to the original item. For book the publisher and place of publication is also shown. Book Chapter records include the editor and overall book title.

      SO=cell biology

    Summary Language, SL=

    The language(s) of the summary(ies) of the original item. An English language Abstract is always provided in the Abstract (AB=) field.


    Systematics, SY=

    Contains the genus and specis name for animals discussed in the item. Any taxonomic changes such as new species, systematic changes, etc. are also shown in this field. These terms are searchable in Advanced mode by selecting systematics, SY=, from the field drop list, or in the command mode by entering sy=term:

      SY=sidnyum elegans

    The systematics field is also indexed in Descriptors (DE=) and Keywords (KW=) searches.

    Genus and species names are NOT indexed and therefore not searchable in the ZR Plus Thesaurus.

    Supertaxa, SX=

    Contains the most recent taxonomic hierarchy associated with any animal names discussed in the item. The hierarchy usually begins with the class and includes taxa names down to the family level. These are controlled terms from the ZR Plus Thesaurus and are searchable directly from the thesaurus. They are also searchable in Advanced mode by searching the Supertaxa, SX= from the field drop down list, or in Command mode by entering sx=term:


    The Supertaxa field is also included in Descriptors (DE=) and Keywords(KW=) searches.

    Title, TI=

    Contains the title of the original document. From 1997 forward, the TI field provides an English title of the original document, enclosed in brackets, if translated by Thomson and foreign-language titles appear in the Original Title (OT=) field. Prior to that time, titles may also appear in English (British and US spelling), French, Spanish (including Catalan), German, Portuguese, Italian, or Latin. Titles in languages other than these are translated into English using British spelling and are enclosed in square brackets. The Title field is included in a Keywords (KW=) search.

      TI=mitochondrial DNA

    Taxa Notes, TN=

    Contains common names of broader groups of animals. Terms which appear in this field are:

    Fossil Miscellanea


    Invertebrates (cont.)

    True Flies
    True Bugs

    These terms are searchable in Advanced mode by selecting Taxa Notes, TN=, from the field drop list, or in Command mode by entering tn=term:


    The terms are also searchable from the ZR Plus Thesaurus

    Update, UD=

    A numeric code which allows you to search for information added in the latest update.